SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Fiscal Year Ended February 1, 2020
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
for the transition period from to
Commission File No. 1-3083
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
1415 Murfreesboro Pike
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (615) 367-7000
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Name of Exchange
on which Registered
Common Stock, $1.00 par value
New York Stock Exchange
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Employees’ Subordinated Convertible Preferred Stock
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232-405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer; an accelerated filer; a non-accelerated filer; a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
¨ (Do not check if smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
Emerging Growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.) Yes ☐ No x
The aggregate market value of common stock held by nonaffiliates of the registrant as of August 3, 2019, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately $579,000,000. The market value calculation was determined using a per share price of $36.50, the price at which the common stock was last sold on the New York Stock Exchange on such date. For purposes of this calculation, shares held by nonaffiliates excludes only those shares beneficially owned by officers, directors, and shareholders owning 10% or more of the outstanding common stock (and, in each case, their immediate family members and affiliates).
As of March 13, 2020, 14,691,257 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.
Documents Incorporated by Reference
Portions of the proxy statement for the June 25, 2020 annual meeting of shareholders are incorporated into Part III by reference.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-looking Statements
This annual report on Form 10-K (this "report") includes certain forward-looking statements, which include statements regarding our intent, belief or expectations and all statements other than those made solely with respect to historical fact. Actual results could differ materially from those reflected by the forward-looking statements in this report and a number of factors may adversely affect the forward-looking statements and our future results, liquidity, capital resources or prospects. These include, but are not limited to, risks related to public health and safety issues, including, for example, the novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") outbreak which began in 2019, the level and timing of promotional activity necessary to maintain inventories at appropriate levels, the timing and amount of any share repurchases by us, the imposition of tariffs on products imported by us or our vendors as well as the ability and costs to move production of products in response to tariffs, our ability to obtain from suppliers products that are in-demand on a timely basis and effectively manage disruptions in product supply or distribution, unfavorable trends in fuel costs, foreign exchange rates, foreign labor and material costs, and other factors affecting the cost of products, the effects of the British decision to exit the European Union and other sources of weakness in the U.K. market, the effectiveness of our omnichannel initiatives, costs associated with changes in minimum wage and overtime requirements, wage pressure in the U.S. and the U.K., weakness in the consumer economy and retail industry, competition and fashion trends in our markets, weakness in shopping mall traffic, risks related to the potential for terrorist events, changes in buying patterns by significant wholesale customers, our ability to continue to complete and integrate acquisitions, expand our business and diversify our product base, retained liabilities associated with divestitures of businesses including potential liabilities under leases as the prior tenant or as a guarantor of certain leases, and changes in the timing of holidays or in the onset of seasonal weather affecting period-to-period sales comparisons. Additional factors that could cause differences from expectations include the ability to open additional retail stores and to renew leases in existing stores and control or lower occupancy costs, and to conduct required remodeling or refurbishment on schedule and at expected expense levels, our ability to eliminate stranded costs associated with dispositions, our ability to realize anticipated cost savings, including rent savings, deterioration in the performance of individual businesses or of our market value relative to our book value, resulting in impairments of fixed assets, operating lease right of use assets or intangible assets or other adverse financial consequences and the timing and amount of such impairments or other consequences, unexpected changes to the market for our shares or for the retail sector in general, costs and reputational harm as a result of disruptions in our business or information technology systems either by security breaches and incidents or by potential problems associated with the implementation of new or upgraded systems, uncertainty regarding the expected phase out of the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"), and the cost and outcome of litigation, investigations and environmental matters that involve us. For a full discussion of risk factors, see Item 1A, "Risk Factors".
ITEM 1, BUSINESS
Genesco Inc. ("Genesco", “Company”, "we", "our", or "us"), incorporated in 1934 in the State of Tennessee, is a leading retailer and wholesaler of branded footwear, apparel and accessories with net sales for Fiscal 2020 of $2.2 billion. During Fiscal 2020, we operated four reportable business segments (not including corporate): (i) Journeys Group, comprised of the Journeys, Journeys Kidz and Little Burgundy retail footwear chains, e-commerce and catalog operations; (ii) Schuh Group, comprised of the Schuh retail footwear chain and e-commerce operations; (iii) Johnston & Murphy Group, comprised of Johnston & Murphy retail operations, e-commerce operations, catalog, Trask e-commerce operations and wholesale distribution of products under the Johnston & Murphy® and H.S.Trask® brands; and (iv) Licensed Brands, comprised of the licensed Dockers®, Levi's®, and Bass® brands, as well as other brands we license for footwear.
Effective January 1, 2020, we completed the acquisition of substantially all the assets and the assumption of certain liabilities of Togast LLC, Togast Direct, LLC and TGB Design, LLC (collectively, "Togast"). Togast specializes in the the design, sourcing and sale of licensed footwear. We also entered into a new U.S. footwear license agreement with Levi Strauss & Co. for the license of Levi's® footwear for men, women and children in the U.S. concurrently with the Togast acquisition. The acquisition expands our portfolio to include footwear licenses for Bass®, ADIO and FUBU, among others. Togast operates in our Licensed Brands segment. On February 2, 2019, we completed the sale of our Lids Sports Group business. As a result, we reported the operating results of this business in loss from discontinued operations, net in our Consolidated Statements of Operations for Fiscal 2019 and 2018. Unless otherwise noted, the discussion that follows relates to continuing operations.
At February 1, 2020, we operated 1,480 retail footwear and accessory stores located primarily throughout the United States and in Puerto Rico, but also including 93 footwear stores in Canada and 129 footwear stores in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. We had originally planned to open a total of approximately 32 new retail stores and to close approximately 21 retail stores in Fiscal 2021.
The outbreak of COVID-19 continues to grow in the U.S., U.K. and globally. The spread of COVID-19 has caused public health officials to recommend precautions to mitigate the spread of the virus, especially when congregating in heavily populated areas, such as malls and shopping centers. In consideration of the health and well-being of our employees, customers and communities, and in support of efforts to contain the spread of the virus, we temporarily closed our North American stores on March 18, 2020. In addition, on March 23, 2020, our stores in the United Kingdom and Ireland were closed and on March 26, 2020, our UK e-commerce business was temporarily closed. Our e-commerce operations in all of our North American brands remain open and ready to serve our customers. We will continue to evaluate the timing of reopening our stores and UK e-commerce operations until such time as the stores can be opened safely and in compliance with applicable laws and regulations, as developments continue to occur in this rapidly changing environment. As a result, our planned new store openings for Fiscal 2021 could be delayed and may not occur during Fiscal 2021 or thereafter and our planned store closings could be increased or delayed during Fiscal 2021 or thereafter.
The following table sets forth certain additional information concerning our retail footwear and accessory stores during the five most recent fiscal years:
Beginning of year
Opened during year
Acquired during year
Closed during year
End of year
We also source, design, market and distribute footwear under our Johnston & Murphy® brand, the H.S. Trask® brand, and the licensed Levi's®, Dockers® and Bass® brands, as well as other brands that we license for footwear to over 1,100 retail accounts in the United States, including a number of leading department, discount, and specialty stores.
Shorthand references to fiscal years (e.g., “Fiscal 2020”) refer to the fiscal year ended on the Saturday nearest January 31st in the named year (e.g., February 1, 2020). The terms "Company," "Genesco," "we," "our" or "us" as used herein and unless otherwise stated or indicated by context refer to Genesco Inc. and its subsidiaries. All information contained in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” which is referred to in this Item 1 of this report, is incorporated by such reference in Item 1. As discussed above, this report contains forward-looking statements. Actual results may vary materially and adversely from the expectations reflected in these statements. For a discussion of some of the factors that may lead to different results, see Item 1A, “Risk Factors” and Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
Across our company, we aspire to create and curate leading footwear brands that represent style, innovation and self-expression and to be the destination for our consumers' favorite fashion footwear. Each of our businesses has a strong strategic position grounded in a deep and ever-evolving understanding of the customers it serves. The strength of our concepts and the advantages we have built over time have established long-lasting leadership positions that make our footwear businesses outstanding on their own, but what they share through the benefit of synergies, makes them even stronger together. We have aligned our business around six pillars; 1) build deeper consumer insights to strengthen customer relationships and brand equity, 2) intensify product innovation and trend insight efforts, 3) accelerate digital to grow direct-to-consumer, 4) maximize the relationship between physical and digital, 5) reshape the cost base to reinvest for future growth, and 6) pursue synergistic acquisitions that add growth and create shareholder value. We anticipate opening fewer new stores in the future, concentrating on locations that we believe will be most productive, as well as closing certain stores, perhaps reducing the overall square footage and store count from current levels, but improving productivity in our existing locations and investing in technology and infrastructure to support omnichannel and digital retailing.
We have made acquisitions, including the acquisitions of the Schuh Group in June 2011, Little Burgundy in December 2015 and Togast in January 2020, and may pursue acquisition opportunities in the future. We anticipate that potential acquisitions
would either augment existing businesses or facilitate our entry into new businesses that are compatible with our existing footwear businesses and core expertise.
More generally, we attempt to develop strategies to mitigate the risks we view as material, including those discussed under the caption “Forward Looking Statements,” above, and those discussed in Item 1A, "Risk Factors". Among the most important of these factors are those related to consumer demand. Conditions in the economy can affect demand, resulting in changes in sales and, as prices are adjusted to drive sales and manage inventories, in gross margins. Because fashion trends influencing many of our target customers can change rapidly, we believe that our ability to react quickly to those changes has been important to our success. Even when we succeed in aligning our merchandise offerings with consumer preferences, those preferences may affect results by, for example, driving sales of products with lower average selling prices or products which are more widely available in the marketplace and thus more subject to competitive pressures than our typical offering. Moreover, economic factors, such as persistent unemployment and any future economic contraction and changes in tax policies, may reduce the consumer’s disposable income or his or her willingness to purchase discretionary items, and thus may reduce demand for our merchandise, regardless of our skill in detecting and responding to fashion trends. We believe our experience and discipline in merchandising and the buying power associated with our relative size and importance in the industry segments in which we compete are important factors in our ability to mitigate risks associated with changing customer preferences and other changes in consumer demand.
The Journeys Group segment accounted for 66% of our net sales in Fiscal 2020. Fiscal 2020 comparable sales, including both store and direct sales, increased 4% from Fiscal 2019.
Journeys retail footwear stores target customers in the 13 to 22 year age group through the use of youth-oriented decor and multi-channel media. Journeys stores carry predominately branded merchandise across a wide range of prices. The Journeys Kidz retail footwear stores sell footwear and accessories primarily for younger children, toddler age to 12 years old. Little Burgundy retail footwear stores sell footwear and accessories to fashion-oriented men and women in the 21 to 34 age group ranging from students to young professionals.
At February 1, 2020, Journeys Group operated 1,171 stores, including 899 Journeys stores, 233 Journeys Kidz stores and 39 Little Burgundy stores averaging approximately 1,975 square feet, located primarily in malls and factory outlet centers throughout the United States, Puerto Rico and Canada, selling footwear and accessories for young men, women and children. Journeys Group's e-commerce websites include the following: journeys.com, journeyskidz.com, journeys.ca and littleburgundyshoes.com. In Fiscal 2020, the Journeys Group closed a net of 22 stores.
The Schuh Group segment accounted for 17% of our net sales in Fiscal 2020. Comparable sales, including both store and direct sales, increased 2% in Fiscal 2020.
Schuh stores target teenagers and young adults in the 16 to 24 age group, selling a broad range of branded casual and athletic footwear along with a meaningful private label offering. At February 1, 2020, Schuh Group operated 129 Schuh stores, averaging approximately 4,875 square feet, which include both street-level and mall locations in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. Schuh Group's e-commerce website is schuh.co.uk. Schuh Group closed a net of seven stores in Fiscal 2020.
Johnston & Murphy Group
The Johnston & Murphy Group segment accounted for 14% of our net sales in Fiscal 2020. Comparable sales for Johnston & Murphy retail operations, including both store and direct sales, decreased 2% for Fiscal 2020. The majority of Johnston & Murphy wholesale sales are of the Genesco-owned Johnston & Murphy brand, and all of the group’s retail sales are of Johnston & Murphy branded products.
Johnston & Murphy Retail Operations. At February 1, 2020, Johnston & Murphy operated 180 retail shops and factory stores primarily in the United States averaging approximately 1,900 square feet and selling footwear, apparel and accessories primarily for men in the 35 to 55 age group, targeting business and professional customers. Johnston & Murphy retail shops are located primarily in higher-end malls and airports nationwide and sell a broad range of men’s dress and casual footwear, apparel and accessories. Women’s footwear and accessories are sold in select Johnston & Murphy locations. We also sell Johnston & Murphy products directly to consumers through an e-commerce website and a direct mail catalog. The websites are johnstonmurphy.com and johnstonmurphy.ca. Footwear accounted for 62% of Johnston & Murphy retail sales
in Fiscal 2020, with the balance consisting primarily of apparel and accessories. Johnston & Murphy Group closed a net of three shops and factory stores in Fiscal 2020.
Johnston & Murphy Wholesale Operations. Johnston & Murphy men’s and women's footwear and accessories are sold at wholesale, primarily to better department stores, independent specialty stores and e-commerce. Johnston & Murphy’s wholesale customers offer the brand’s footwear for dress, dress casual, and casual occasions, with the majority of styles offered in these channels selling from $100 to $195. Additionally, we offer the H.S. Trask brand, with men's and women's footwear and leather accessories offered primarily through better independent retailers and department stores, an e-commerce website, trask.com, and catalog. Suggested retail prices for Trask footwear typically range from $195 to $495.
The Licensed Brands segment accounted for 3% of our net sales in Fiscal 2020. Licensed Brands sales include footwear marketed under the Levi's® brand, Dockers® brand and Bass® brand, among others. The Levi's brand license was entered into concurrently with the closing of the Togast acquisition. We have had the exclusive Dockers men’s footwear license in the United States since 1991. We acquired the Bass® brand license in conjunction with the acquisition of Togast. In addition, we renewed our men's Dockers footwear license for the United States. Dockers footwear is marketed to men aged 30 to 55 through many of the same national retail chains that carry Dockers pants and sportswear and in department and specialty stores across the country. Suggested retail prices for Dockers footwear generally range from $50 to $90. Togast designs and sources licensed footwear under the Levi's® and Bass®brand names, among others, and provides services for the sourcing of FUBU licensed footwear.
Manufacturing and Sourcing
We rely on independent third-party manufacturers for production of our footwear products sold at wholesale. We source footwear and accessory products from foreign manufacturers located in Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, China, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Italy, Mauritius, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Portugal, Peru, Romania, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Our retail operations sell primarily branded products from third parties who source primarily overseas.
Competition is intense in the footwear and accessory industries. Our retail footwear and accessory competitors range from small, locally owned stores to regional and national department stores, discount stores, specialty chains, our vendors with their own direct-to-consumer channels and online retailers. We also compete with hundreds of footwear wholesale operations in the United States and throughout the world, most of which are relatively small, specialized operations, but some of which are large, more diversified companies. Some of our competitors have resources that are not available to us. Our success depends upon our ability to remain competitive with respect to the key factors of style, price, quality, comfort, brand loyalty, customer service, store location and atmosphere, technology, infrastructure and speed of delivery to support e-commerce and the ability to offer relevant products.
We own our Johnston & Murphy® and H.S. Trask® brands and own or license the trade names of our retail concepts either directly or through wholly-owned subsidiaries. The Dockers® footwear line, introduced in Fiscal 1993, is sold under a license agreement granting us the exclusive right to sell men’s footwear under the trademark in the United States, Canada and the Caribbean. The Dockers license agreement expires in 2024. Net sales of Dockers products were approximately $47 million in Fiscal 2020 and approximately $56 million in Fiscal 2019. We entered into a new license agreement with Levi Strauss & Co. in January 2020 for the right to sell men's, women's and children's footwear under the Levi's® trademark in the United States and the Caribbean. The initial term of the license agreement with respect to Levi's® trademarks is through November 30, 2024 with one additional four year renewal term. We license certain other footwear brands, mostly in foreign markets. License royalty income was not material in Fiscal 2020.
Most of the orders in our wholesale divisions are for delivery within 150 days. Because most of our business is at-once, the backlog at any one time is not necessarily indicative of future sales. As of February 29, 2020, our wholesale operations had a backlog of orders, including unconfirmed customer purchase orders, amounting to approximately $24.7 million, compared to approximately $28.8 million on March 2, 2019. The backlog is somewhat seasonal, reaching a peak in the Spring. We maintain in-stock programs for selected product lines with anticipated high volume sales. Our backlog may be more vulnerable to cancellation than is typical due to COVID-19.
We had approximately 22,050 employees at February 1, 2020, approximately 150 of whom were employed in corporate staff departments and the balance in operations. Retail stores employ a substantial number of part-time employees, and approximately 16,400 of our employees were part-time at February 1, 2020.
Our business is seasonal with our investment in inventory and accounts receivable normally reaching peaks in the spring and fall of each year and a significant portion of our net sales and operating earnings generated during the fourth quarter.
Our former manufacturing operations and the sites of those operations as well as the sites of our current operations are subject to numerous federal, state, and local laws and regulations relating to human health and safety and the environment. These laws and regulations address and regulate, among other matters, wastewater discharge, air quality and the generation, handling, storage, treatment, disposal, and transportation of solid and hazardous wastes and releases of hazardous substances into the environment. In addition, third parties and governmental agencies in some cases have the power under such laws and regulations to require remediation of environmental conditions and, in the case of governmental agencies, to impose fines and penalties. Several of the facilities owned by us (currently or in the past) are located in industrial areas and have historically been used for extensive periods for industrial operations such as tanning, dyeing, and manufacturing. Some of these operations used materials and generated wastes that would be considered regulated substances under current environmental laws and regulations. We are currently involved in certain administrative and judicial environmental proceedings relating to our former facilities. See Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data".
We file reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other reports from time to time. We are an electronic filer and the SEC maintains an internet site at http://www.sec.gov that contains the reports, proxy and information statements, and other information filed electronically. Our website address, which is provided as an inactive textual reference only, is http://www.genesco.com. We make available free of charge through the website annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. Copies of the charters of each of our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, Nominating and Governance Committee as well as our Corporate Governance Guidelines and Code of Ethics along with position descriptions for our board of directors (the "Board of Directors" or the "Board") and Board committees are also available free of charge through the website. The information provided on our website is not part of this report, and is therefore not incorporated by reference unless such information is otherwise specifically incorporated elsewhere in this report.
ITEM 1A, RISK FACTORS
Our business is subject to significant risks. You should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described below and the other information in this Form 10-K, including our Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes to those statements. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties that we do not presently know about or that we currently consider immaterial may also affect our business operations and financial performance. If any of the events described below actually occur, our business, financial condition, cash flows or results of operations could be adversely affected in a material way. This could cause the trading price of our stock to decline, perhaps significantly, and you may lose part or all of your investment.
Competitive, Demand-Related and Reputational Risks
We are experiencing a material disruption to our business as a result of COVID-19 and our sales, supply chain and financial results may be materially adversely impacted.
Our business is subject to risks, or public perception of risks, arising from public health and safety crises, including pandemics, which might impact our wholesale and retail demand and supply chain. On March 18, 2020, we closed all of our North American stores, on March 23, 2020, we closed all our stores in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland and on March 26, 2020, we closed our e-commerce business in the UK in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our wholesale partner stores have also closed or substantially reduced operating hours. The duration of the closures and their impact over the longer term are uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time. The effects of the pandemic depend on future developments outside our control such as the spread of the disease and the effectiveness of containment efforts. Even if the pandemic does not continue for an extended period, our business could be materially adversely affected by several additional factors related to the pandemic, including the following:
The effects of the pandemic on the economy, including a recession, or an increase in unemployment levels could result in customers having less disposable income which could lead to reduced sales of our products;
The effects of COVID-19 could delay our release or delivery of new product offerings or require us to make unexpected changes to our offerings;
“Shelter in Place” and other similar mandated or suggested isolation protocols could disrupt not only our brick and mortar operations but our e-commerce operations as well, particularly if employees are not able to report to work or perform their work from home;
While we are making efforts to reduce operating costs and conserve cash, we may not be successful in doing so;
We are undertaking discussions with our landlords and other vendors to obtain rent and other relief, but we may not be successful in these endeavors. As a result we may be subject to litigation or other claims;
We borrowed $184.3 million under our Credit Facility and £19.0 million on our U.K. A&R Agreement in March 2020, but that amount may not be adequate to provide necessary liquidity at the parent or subsidiary level if the pandemic continues for an extended period of time, and we may not have access to additional sources of capital;
After the pandemic has subsided, fear of COVID-19, re-occurrence of the outbreak or another pandemic or crisis could cause customers to avoid public places where our stores are located such as malls, outlets, and airports;
We have been forced to reduce our workforce, and as a result, there may be obstacles and delays in reopening stores as we may have to hire and train a substantial number of new employees; and
We may be required to revise certain accounting estimates and judgments such as, but not limited to, those related to the valuation of goodwill, long-lived assets and deferred tax assets, which could have a material adverse affect on our financial position and results of operations.
COVID-19 has also had a significant impact on China and other countries. We rely upon the facilities of our third-party manufacturers in China as well as other countries to support our business. The outbreak has resulted in significant governmental measures being implemented to control the spread of the virus, including, among others, restrictions on manufacturing and the movement of employees in many regions of China and other countries. As a result of COVID-19 and the measures designed to contain the spread of the virus, our third-party manufacturers may not have the materials, capacity, or capability to manufacture our products according to our schedule and specifications. If our third-party manufacturers’ operations are curtailed, we may need to seek alternate manufacturing sources, which may be more expensive. Alternate sources may not be available or may result in delays in shipments to us from our supply chain and subsequently to our customers, each of which would affect our results of operations. While the disruptions and restrictions on the ability to travel, quarantines, and temporary closures of the facilities of our third-party manufacturers and suppliers, as well as general limitations on movement are expected to be temporary, the duration of the production and supply chain disruption, and related financial impact, cannot be estimated at this time. Should the production and distribution closures continue for an extended
period of time, the impact on our supply chain could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows.
Consumer spending is affected by poor economic conditions and other factors and may significantly harm our business, affecting our financial condition, liquidity, and results of operations.
The success of our business depends to a significant extent upon the level of consumer spending in general and on our product categories. A number of factors may affect the level of consumer spending on merchandise that we offer, including, among other things:
•general economic and industry conditions, including the risks associated with a recession in the U.S. and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic;
•economic conditions in the United Kingdom and the uncertainty surrounding, as well as the effects of, Brexit;
•energy costs, which affect gasoline and home heating prices;
•the level of consumer debt;
•pricing of products;
•tax rates, refunds and policies;
•war, terrorism and other hostilities; and
•consumer confidence in future economic conditions.
Adverse economic conditions and any related decrease in consumer demand for discretionary items could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. The merchandise we sell generally consists of discretionary items. Reduced consumer confidence and spending may result in reduced demand for discretionary items and may force us to take inventory markdowns, decreasing sales and making expense leverage difficult to achieve. Demand can also be influenced by other factors beyond our control.
Moreover, while we believe that our operating cash flows and borrowing capacity under committed lines of credit will be adequate for our anticipated cash requirements, if the economy were to experience a continued or worsening downturn, if one or more of our revolving credit banks were to fail to honor its commitments under our credit lines or if we were unable to draw on our credit lines for any reason, we could be required to modify our operations for decreased cash flow or to seek alternative sources of liquidity, and such alternative sources might not be available to us. These same factors could impact our wholesale customers, limiting their ability to buy or pay for merchandise offered by us.
Failure to protect our reputation could have a material adverse effect on our brand names.
Our success depends in part on the value and strength of the names of our business units. These names are integral to our businesses as well as to the implementation of our strategies for expanding our businesses. Maintaining, promoting, and positioning our brands will depend largely on the success of our marketing and merchandising efforts and our ability to provide high quality merchandise and a consistent, high quality customer experience. Our brands could be adversely affected if we fail to achieve these objectives or if our public image or reputation were to be tarnished by negative publicity or if adverse information concerning us is posted on social media platforms or similar mediums. Failure to comply, or accusation of failure to comply, with ethical, social, health, product, labor, data privacy, and environmental standards could also jeopardize our reputation and potentially lead to various adverse consumer and employee actions. Any of these events could result in decreased revenue or otherwise adversely affect our business.
Our business involves a degree of risk related to fashion and other extrinsic demand drivers that are beyond our control.
The majority of our businesses serve a fashion-conscious customer base and depend upon the ability of our buyers and merchandisers to react to fashion trends, to purchase inventory that reflects such trends, and to manage our inventories appropriately in view of the potential for sudden changes in fashion, consumer taste, or other drivers of demand. Failure to
execute any of these activities successfully could result in adverse consequences, including lower sales, product margins, operating income and cash flows.
Our future success also depends on our ability to respond to changing consumer preferences, identify and interpret consumer trends, and successfully market new products.
The industry in which we operate is subject to rapidly changing consumer preferences. The continued popularity of our footwear and the development of new lines and styles of footwear with widespread consumer appeal, including consumer acceptance of our footwear, requires us to accurately identify and interpret changing consumer trends and preferences, and to effectively respond in a timely manner. Continuing demand and market acceptance for both existing and new products are uncertain and depend on the following factors:
substantial investment in product innovation, design and development;
commitment to product quality; and
significant and sustained marketing efforts and expenditures, including with respect to the monitoring of consumer trends in footwear specifically and in fashion and lifestyle categories generally.
In assessing our response to anticipated changing consumer preferences and trends, we frequently must make decisions about product designs and marketing expenditures several months in advance of the time when actual consumer acceptance can be determined. As a result, we may not be successful in responding to shifting consumer preferences and trends with new products that achieve market acceptance. Because of the ever-changing nature of consumer preferences and market trends, a number of companies in our industry experience periods of rapid growth, followed by declines, in revenue and earnings. If we fail to identify and interpret changing consumer preferences and trends, or are not successful in responding to these changes with the timely development or sourcing of products that achieve market acceptance, we could experience excess inventories and higher than normal markdowns, returns, order cancellations or an inability to profitably sell our products.
Our results may be adversely affected by declines in consumer traffic in malls.
The majority of our stores are located within shopping malls and depend to varying degrees on consumer traffic in the malls to generate sales. Declines in mall traffic, whether caused by a shift in consumer shopping preferences or by other factors, such as COVID-19, may negatively impact our ability to maintain or grow our sales in existing stores, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
Our results of operations are subject to seasonal and quarterly fluctuations.
Our business is seasonal, with a significant portion of our net sales and operating income generated during the fourth quarter, which includes the holiday shopping season. Because of this seasonality, we have limited ability to compensate for shortfalls in fourth quarter sales or earnings by changes in our operations or strategies in other quarters. Our quarterly results of operations also may fluctuate significantly based on such factors as:
•the timing of new store openings and renewals;
•the amount of net sales contributed by new and existing stores;
•the timing of certain holidays and sales events;
•changes in quarter end dates due to the 53 week year;
•changes in our merchandise mix;
•weather conditions that affect consumer spending; and
•actions of competitors, including promotional activity.
A failure to increase sales at our existing stores, given our high fixed expense cost structure, and in our e-commerce businesses may adversely affect our stock price and impact our results of operations.
A number of factors have historically affected, and will continue to affect, our comparable sales results and gross margin, including:
•consumer trends, such as less disposable income due to the impact of economic conditions and tax policies and other factors;
•the lack of new fashion trends to drive demand in certain of our businesses and the ability of those businesses to adjust to fashion changes on a timely basis;
•closing of department stores that anchor malls;
•closing of a significant number of non-anchor mall formats;
•declining mall traffic due to changing customer preferences in the way they shop;
•timing of holidays including sales tax holidays and the timing of tax refunds;
•general regional and national economic conditions;
•changes in our merchandise mix;
•our ability to distribute merchandise efficiently to our stores;
•timing and type of sales events, promotional activities or other advertising;
•our ability to adapt to changing customer preferences in the ways they digitally shop;
•new merchandise introductions;
•access to allocated product from our vendors;
•our ability to execute our business strategy effectively; and
•other external events beyond our control, such as COVID-19.
Our comparable sales have fluctuated in the past, including the composition of our comparable sales between store and digital, and we believe such fluctuations may continue. The unpredictability of our comparable sales may cause our revenue and results of operations to vary from quarter to quarter, and an unanticipated change in revenues or operating income may cause our stock price to fluctuate significantly.
Changes in the retail industry could have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition.
In recent years, the retail industry has experienced consolidation, store closures, bankruptcies and other ownership changes. In the future, retailers in the United States and in foreign markets may further consolidate, undergo restructurings or reorganizations, or realign their affiliations, any of which could decrease the number of stores that carry our products or our licensees’ products or increase the ownership concentration within the retail industry. Changing shopping patterns, including the rapid expansion of online retail shopping, have adversely affected customer traffic in mall and outlet centers, particularly in North America. We expect competition in the e-commerce market will intensify. As a greater portion of consumer expenditures with retailers occurs online and through mobile commerce applications, our brick-and-mortar wholesale customers who fail to successfully integrate their physical retail stores and digital retail or otherwise compete effectively in the e-commerce market may experience financial difficulties, including store closures, bankruptcies or liquidations. We cannot control the success of individual malls, and an increase in store closures by other retailers may lead to mall vacancies and reduced foot traffic. A continuation or worsening of these trends could cause financial difficulties for one or more of our segments, which, in turn, could substantially increase our credit risk and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our future success will be determined, in part, on our ability to manage the impact of the rapidly changing retail environment and identify and capitalize on retail trends, including technology, e-commerce and other process efficiencies that will better service our customers.
Our business is intensely competitive and increased or new competition could have a material adverse effect on us.
The retail footwear and accessory markets are intensely competitive. We currently compete against a diverse group of retailers, including other regional and national specialty stores, department and discount stores, small independents and e-commerce retailers, as well as our own vendors who are increasingly selling direct to consumers, which sell products similar to and often identical to those we sell. Our branded businesses, selling footwear at wholesale, also face intense competition, both from other branded wholesale vendors and from private label initiatives of their retailer customers. A number of different competitive factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, including:
•increased operational efficiencies of competitors;
•competitive pricing strategies;
•expansion by existing competitors;
•expansion of direct-to-consumer by our vendors;
•entry by new competitors into markets in which we currently operate; and
•adoption by existing retail competitors of innovative store formats or sales methods.
Investments and Infrastructure Risks
We face a number of risks in opening new stores and renewing leases on existing stores.
We expect to open new stores, both in regional malls, where most of the operational experience of our U.S. businesses lies, and in other venues including outlet centers, major city street locations, airports and tourist destinations. We cannot offer assurances that we will be able to open as many stores as we have planned, that any new store will achieve similar operating results to those of our existing stores or that new stores opened in markets in which we operate will not have a material adverse effect on the revenues and profitability of our existing stores. In addition to the risks already discussed for existing stores, the success of our planned expansion will be dependent upon numerous factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the following:
•our ability to identify suitable markets and individual store sites within those markets;
•the competition for suitable store sites;
our ability to negotiate favorable lease terms for new stores and renewals (including rent and other costs) with landlords in part due to the consolidation in the commercial real estate market;
our ability to obtain governmental and other third-party consents, permits and licenses needed to construct and operate our stores;
•the ability to build and remodel stores on schedule and at acceptable cost;
•the availability of employees to staff new stores and our ability to hire, train, motivate and retain store personnel;
the effect of changes to laws and regulations, including minimum wage, over-time, and employee benefits laws on store expense.
•the availability of adequate management and financial resources to manage an increased number of stores;
our ability to adapt our distribution and other operational and management systems to an expanded network of stores; and
unforseen events, such as COVID-19, could prevent or delay store openings and impact our liquidity needed for store openings.
Additionally, the results we expect to achieve during each fiscal quarter are dependent upon opening new and renewing leases on existing stores on schedule. If we fall behind new store openings, we will lose expected sales and earnings between the planned opening date and the actual opening and may further complicate the logistics of opening stores, possibly resulting in additional delays, seasonally inappropriate product assortments, and other undesirable conditions.
Any acquisitions we make or new businesses we launch, as well as any dispositions of assets or businesses, involve a degree of risk.
Acquisitions have been a component of our growth strategy in recent years, and we expect that we may continue to engage in acquisitions or launch new businesses to grow our revenues and meet our other strategic objectives. If acquisitions are not successfully integrated with our business, our ongoing operations could be adversely affected. Additionally, acquisitions or new businesses may not achieve desired profitability objectives or result in any anticipated successful expansion of the businesses or concepts, causing lower than expected earnings and cash flow and potentially requiring impairment of goodwill and other intangibles. Although we review and analyze assets or companies we acquire, such reviews are subject to uncertainties and may not reveal all potential risks. Additionally, although we attempt to obtain protective contractual provisions, such as representations, warranties and indemnities, in connection with acquisitions, we cannot offer assurance that we can obtain such provisions in our acquisitions or that they will fully protect us from unforeseen costs of, or liabilities associated with, the acquisitions. We may also incur significant costs and diversion of management time and attention in connection with pursuing possible acquisitions even if the acquisition is not ultimately consummated.
Additionally, we have in the past decided and may in the future decide to divest assets or businesses. Following such divestitures, we may retain or incur liabilities or costs relating to our previous ownership of the assets or business that we sell. Any required payments on retained liabilities or indemnification obligations with respect to past or future asset or business divestitures could have a material adverse effect on our business or results of operations. Dispositions may also involve our continued financial involvement in the divested business, such as through transition services agreements and guarantees. Under these arrangements, performance by the divested businesses or conditions outside our control could adversely affect our business and results of operations.
Further, acquisitions and dispositions are often structured such that the purchase price paid or received by us, as applicable, is subject to post-closing adjustments, whether as a result of net working capital adjustments, contingent payments (i.e., earn-outs) or otherwise. Any such adjustments could result in a material change in the consideration paid to or received by us, as applicable, in such transactions.
Goodwill recorded with acquisitions is subject to impairment which could reduce the Company's profitability.
In connection with acquisitions, we record goodwill on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. This asset is not amortized but is subject to an impairment test at least annually, where we have the option first to assess qualitative factors to determine whether events and circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that goodwill is impaired. If after such assessment we conclude that the asset is not impaired, no further action is required. However, if we conclude otherwise, we are required to determine the fair value of the asset using a quantitative impairment test that is based on projected future cash flows from the acquired business discounted at a rate commensurate with the risk we consider to be inherent in our current business model. We perform the impairment test annually at the beginning of our fourth quarter, or more frequently if events or circumstances indicate that the value of the asset might be impaired.
Given the Schuh Group reporting unit has continued to perform below our projected operating results, as part of our annual impairment assessment as of the first day of the fourth quarter, we performed a quantitative assessment to determine if an impairment existed. We found that the result of the impairment test, which valued the business at approximately $8.2 million in excess of its carrying value, indicated no impairment at that time. We may determine in connection with future impairment tests that some or all of the carrying value of the goodwill may be impaired. Such a finding would require a write-off of the amount of the carrying value that is impaired, which would reduce our profitability in the period of the impairment charge. Holding all other assumptions constant as of the measurement date, we noted that an increase in the weighted average cost of capital of 100 basis points would reduce the fair value of the Schuh Group business by $10.0 million. Furthermore, we noted that a decrease in projected annual revenue growth by one percent would reduce the fair value of the Schuh Group business by $6.9 million. However, if other assumptions do not remain constant, the fair value of the Schuh Group business may decrease by a greater amount.
Deterioration in our market value, whether related to our operating performance or to disruptions in the equity markets or deterioration in the operating performance of the business unit with which goodwill is associated, which could be caused by events such as, but not limited to, COVID-19, could cause us to recognize the impairment of some or all of the $122.2 million of goodwill on our Consolidated Balance Sheets at February 1, 2020, resulting in the reduction of net assets and a corresponding non-cash charge to earnings in the amount of the impairment.
Technology, Data Security and Privacy Risks
The operation of our business is heavily dependent on our information systems.
We depend on a variety of information technology systems for the efficient functioning of our business (including our multiple e-commerce websites) and security of information. Much information essential to our business is maintained electronically, including competitively sensitive information and potentially sensitive personal information about customers and employees.
Despite our preventative efforts, our IT systems and websites may, from time to time be vulnerable to damage or interruption from events such as difficulties in replacing or integrating the systems of acquired businesses, computer viruses, security breaches and power outages.
Our insurance policies may not provide coverage for security breaches and similar incidents or may have coverage limits which may not be adequate to reimburse us for losses caused by security breaches. We also rely on certain hardware and software vendors, including cloud-service providers, to maintain and periodically upgrade many of these systems so that they can continue to support our business. The software programs supporting many of our systems are licensed to us by independent software developers. The inability of our employees and developers or our inability to continue to maintain and upgrade these information systems and software programs could disrupt or reduce the efficiency of our operations. In addition, costs and potential problems and interruptions associated with the implementation of new or upgraded systems and technology or with maintenance or adequate support of existing systems could also disrupt or reduce the efficiency of our operations or leave us vulnerable to security breaches.
We also rely heavily on our information technology staff. If we cannot meet our staffing needs in this area, we may not be able to fulfill our technology initiatives or to provide maintenance on existing systems.
We are subject to payment-related risks that could increase our operating costs, expose us to fraud or theft, subject us to fraud or theft, subject us to potential liability and potentially disrupt our business.
As a retailer who accepts payments using a variety of methods, including credit and debit cards, PayPal, and gift cards, we are subject to rules, regulations, contractual obligations and compliance requirements, including payment network rules and operating guidelines, data security standards and certification requirements, and rules governing electronic funds transfers. The regulatory environment related to information security and privacy is increasingly rigorous, with new and constantly changing requirements applicable to our business, and compliance with those requirements could result in additional costs or accelerate these costs with additional legal and financial exposure for noncompliance. For certain payment methods, including credit and debit cards, we pay interchange and other fees, which could increase over time and raise our operating costs. We rely on third parties to provide payment processing services, including the processing of credit cards, debit cards, and other forms of electronic payment. If these companies become unable to provide these services to us, or if their systems are compromised, it could disrupt our business.
The payment methods that we offer also subject us to potential fraud and theft by persons who seek to obtain unauthorized access to or exploit any weaknesses that may exist in the payment systems. We completed the implementation of Europay, Mastercard and Visa ("EMV") technology and received certification in Fiscal 2018; however future upgrades to our Company's systems could expose us to the fraudulent use of credit cards and increased costs, including possible fines and restrictions on our Company's ability to accept payments by credit or debit cards, if we were not to receive recertification. Because we accept debit and credit cards for payment, we are also subject to industry data protection standards and protocols, such as the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (“PCI DSS”), issued by the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council. Additionally, we have implemented technology in our stores to allow for the acceptance of EMV credit transactions and point-to-point encryption. Complying with PCI DSS standards and implementing related procedures, technology and information security measures require significant resources and ongoing attention. However, even if we comply with PCI DSS standards and offer EMV and point-to-point encryption technology in our stores, we may be vulnerable to, and unable to detect and appropriately respond to, data security breaches and data loss, including cybersecurity attacks or other breach of cardholder data.
In addition, the Payment Card Industry is controlled by a limited number of vendors who have the ability to impose changes in the Payment Card Industry’s fee structure and operational requirements on us without negotiation. Such changes in fees and operational requirements may result in our failure to comply with PCI DSS, and cause us to incur significant unanticipated expenses.
A privacy breach, through a cybersecurity incident or otherwise, or failure to comply with privacy laws could materially adversely affect our business.
As part of normal operations, we and our third-party vendors and partners, receive and maintain confidential and personally identifiable information about our customers and employees, and confidential financial, intellectual property, and other information. We regard the protection of our customer, employee, and company information as critical. The regulatory environment surrounding information security and privacy is very demanding, with the frequent imposition of new and changing requirements some of which involve significant costs to implement and significant penalties if not followed properly. Despite our efforts and technology to secure our computer network and systems, a cybersecurity breach, whether targeted, random, or inadvertent, and whether at the hands of cyber criminals, hackers, rogue employees or other persons, may occur and could go undetected for a period of time, resulting in a material disruption of our computer network, a loss of information valuable to our business, including without limitation customer or employee personally identifiable information, and/or theft. A similar cybersecurity breach to the computer networks and systems of our third-party vendors and partners, including those that are "cloud"-based, over which we have no control, may occur, and could lead to a material disruption of our computer network and/or the areas of our business that are dependent on the support, services and other products provided by our third-party vendors and partners. Our computer networks and our business may be adversely affected by such a breach of our third-party vendors and partners, which could result in a decrease in our e-commerce sales and/or a loss of information valuable to our business, including, without limitation, personally identifiable information of customers or employees. Such a cyber-incident could result in any of the following:
theft, destruction, loss, misappropriation, or release of confidential financial and other data, intellectual property, customer awards or loyalty points, or customer or employee information, including personally identifiable information such as payment card information, email addresses, passwords, social security numbers, home addresses, or health information;
operational or business delays resulting from the disruption of our e-commerce sites, computer networks or the computer networks of our third-party vendors and partners and subsequent material clean-up and mitigation costs and activities;
negative publicity resulting in material reputation or brand damage with our customers, vendors, third-party partners or industry peers;
•loss of sales, including those generated through our e-commerce websites; and
governmental penalties, fines and/or enforcement actions, payment and industry penalties and fines and/or class action and other lawsuits.
Any of the above risks, individually or in aggregation, could materially damage our reputation and result in lost sales, governmental and payment card industry fines, and/or class action and other lawsuits. Although we carry cybersecurity insurance, in the event of a cyber-incident, that insurance may not be extensive enough or adequate in scope of coverage or amount to reimburse us for damages we may incur. Further, a significant breach of federal, state, provincial, local or international privacy laws could have a material adverse effect on our reputation.
Operational, Supply Chain and Third Party Risks
Increased operating costs, including those resulting from potential increases in the minimum wage, could have an adverse effect on our results.
Increased operating costs, including those resulting from potential increases in the minimum wage or wage increases reflecting competition in relevant labor markets, store occupancy costs, distribution center costs and other expense items, including healthcare costs, may reduce our operating margin, by making it more difficult to identify new store locations that we believe will meet our investment return requirements and slow our ability to open stores. In addition, other employment and healthcare law changes may increase the cost of provided retirement and healthcare benefits expenses. Increases in our overall employment costs could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations and financial and competitive position.
If we lose key members of management or are unable to attract and retain the talent required for our business, our operating results could suffer.
Our performance depends largely on the efforts and abilities of members of our management team. Our executives have substantial experience and expertise in our business and have made significant contributions to our growth and success. The unexpected future loss of services of one or more key members of our management team could have an adverse effect on our business. In addition, future performance will depend upon our ability to attract, retain and motivate qualified employees, including store personnel and field management. If we are unable to do so, our ability to meet our operating goals may be compromised. Finally, our stores are decentralized, are managed through a network of geographically dispersed management personnel and historically experience a high degree of turnover. If we are for any reason unable to maintain appropriate controls on store operations due to turnover or other reasons, including the ability to control losses resulting from inventory and cash shrinkage, our sales and operating margins may be adversely affected. There can be no assurance that we will be able to attract and retain the personnel we need in the future.
The loss of, or disruption in, one of our distribution centers and other factors affecting the distribution of merchandise, including freight cost, could materially adversely effect our business.
Each of our divisions uses a single distribution center to handle all or a significant amount of its merchandise. Most of our operations’ inventory is shipped directly from suppliers to our operations' distribution centers, where the inventory is then processed, sorted and shipped to our stores or to our wholesale customers. We depend on the orderly operation of this receiving and distribution process, which depends, in turn, on adherence to shipping schedules and effective management of the distribution centers. Although we believe that our receiving and distribution process is efficient and well positioned to support our current business and our expansion plans, we cannot offer assurance that we have anticipated all of the changing demands that our expanding operations will impose on our receiving and distribution system, or that events beyond our control, such as disruptions in operations due to fire or other catastrophic events, labor disagreements or shipping problems (whether in our own or in our third party vendors’ or carriers’ businesses), will not result in delays in the delivery of merchandise to our stores or to our wholesale customers or e-commerce/retail customers. In addition, we add capacity to distribution centers by either leasing or building new distribution centers or adding capacity at existing centers. Failure to execute on these initiatives may cause disruption in our business. We also make changes in our distribution processes from time to time in an effort to improve efficiency and maximize capacity. We cannot assure that these changes will not result in unanticipated delays or interruptions in distribution. We depend upon third parties for shipment of a significant amount of merchandise. Interruptions in the services provided by third parties may occasionally result from damage or destruction to our distribution centers; weather-related events; natural disasters; pandemics; trade policy changes or restrictions; tariffs or import-related taxes; third-party strikes, lock-outs, work stoppages or slowdowns; shipping capacity constraints; third-party contract disputes; military conflicts; acts of terrorism; or other factors beyond our control. An interruption in service by third parties for any reason could cause temporary disruptions in our business, a loss of sales and profits, and other material adverse effects.
Our freight cost is impacted by changes in fuel prices through surcharges. Fuel prices and surcharges affect freight cost both on inbound freight from vendors to our distribution centers and outbound freight from our distribution centers to our stores and wholesale customers. Increases in fuel prices and surcharges and other factors may increase freight costs and thereby increase our cost of goods sold and selling and administrative expenses.
An increase in the cost or a disruption in the flow of our imported products could adversely affect our business.
Merchandise originally manufactured and imported from overseas makes up a large proportion of our total inventory. A disruption in the shipping of our imported merchandise or an increase in the cost of those products may significantly decrease our sales and profits. We may be unable to meet customer demands or pass on price increases to our customers. In addition, if imported merchandise becomes more expensive or unavailable, the transition to alternative sources may not occur in time to meet demand. Products from alternative sources may also be of lesser quality or more expensive than those we currently import. Risks associated with our reliance on imported products include:
•disruptions in the shipping and importation of imported products because of factors such as:
▪raw material shortages, work stoppages, strikes and political unrest;
▪problems with oceanic shipping, including shipping container shortages and delays in ports;
increased customs inspections of import shipments or other factors that could result in penalties causing delays in shipments;
economic crises, natural disasters, pandemics (including COVID-19), international disputes and wars; and
increases in the cost of purchasing or shipping foreign merchandise resulting from:
imposition of additional cargo or safeguard measures;
denial by the United States of “most favored nation” trading status to or the imposition of quotas or other restriction on imports from a foreign country from which we purchase goods;
▪changes in import duties, import quotas and other trade sanctions; and
▪increases in shipping rates.
A significant amount of the inventory we sell is imported from China, which has historically been subject to efforts to increase duty rates or to impose restrictions on imports of certain products.
If we or our suppliers or licensees are unable to source raw materials or finished goods from the countries where we or they wish to purchase them, either because of a regulatory change or for any other reason, or if the cost of doing so should increase, it could have a material adverse effect on our sales and earnings.
A small portion of the products we buy abroad is priced in foreign currencies and, therefore, we are affected by fluctuating currency exchange rates. In the past, we have entered into foreign currency exchange contracts with major financial institutions to hedge these fluctuations. We may not be able to effectively protect ourselves in the future against currency rate fluctuations. Even dollar-denominated foreign purchases may be affected by currency fluctuations to reflect appreciation in the local currency against the dollar in the price of the products that they provide. See Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for more information about our foreign currency exchange rate exposure and any hedging activities.
Data protection requirements are constantly evolving and these requirements could adversely affect our business and operating results.
We have access to collect or maintain information about our customers, and the protection of that data is critical to our business. The regulatory environment surrounding information security and privacy continues to evolve and new laws increasingly are giving customers the right to control how their personal data is used. One such law is the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR"). Our failure to comply with the obligations of GDPR could in the future result in significant penalties which could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations. Complying with GDPR and similar U.S. federal and state laws, including a potential federal privacy law, could also cause us to incur substantial costs, forego a substantial amount of revenue or be subject to business risk associated with system changes and new business processes.
We are dependent on third-party vendors and licensors for the merchandise we sell.
We do not manufacture the merchandise we sell, and our Licensed Brands business is dependent on third-party licenses. This means that our product supply is subject to the ability and willingness of third-party suppliers to deliver merchandise we order on time and in the quantities and of the quality we need. In addition, a material portion of our retail footwear sales consists of products marketed under brands, belonging to unaffiliated vendors, which have fashion significance to our customers. If those vendors were to decide not to sell to us or to limit the availability of their products to us, or if they become unable because of economic conditions, COVID-19, work stoppages, strikes, political unrest, raw materials supply disruptions, or any other reason to supply us with products, we could be unable to offer our customers the products they wish to buy and could lose their business to competitors. Additionally, manufacturers are required to remain in compliance with certain wage, labor and environment-related laws and regulations. Delayed compliance or failure to comply with such laws and regulations by our vendors could adversely affect our ability to obtain products generally or at favorable costs, affecting our overall ability to maintain and manage inventory levels.
Our manufacturing and distributing operations are subject to the risks of doing business abroad, including in China, which could affect our ability to obtain products from foreign suppliers or control the costs of our products.
While we have taken action to diversify our sourcing base outside of China, because a portion of our products are manufactured in China, the possibility of adverse changes in trade or political relations with China, political instability in China, increases in labor costs, the occurrence of prolonged adverse weather conditions or a natural disaster such as an earthquake or typhoon, or continuation of COVID-19 or the outbreak of another pandemic disease in China could severely interfere with the manufacturing and/or shipment of our products and would have a material adverse effect on our operations. Our business operations may be adversely affected by the current and future political environment in the Communist Party of China. China’s government has exercised and continues to exercise substantial control over virtually every sector of the Chinese economy through regulation and state ownership. Our ability to source products from China may be adversely affected by
changes in Chinese laws and regulations, including those relating to taxation, import and export tariffs, raw materials, environmental regulations, land use rights, property and other matters. Under its current leadership, China’s government has been pursuing economic reform policies that encourage private economic activity and greater economic decentralization. There is no assurance, however, that China’s government will continue to pursue these policies, or that it will not significantly alter these policies from time to time without notice. A change in policies by the Chinese government could adversely affect our interests by, among other factors: changes in laws, regulations or the interpretation thereof, confiscatory taxation, restrictions on currency conversion, imports or sources of supplies, or the expropriation or nationalization of private enterprises. In addition, electrical shortages, labor shortages or work stoppages may extend the production time necessary to produce our orders, and there may be circumstances in the future where we may have to incur premium freight charges to expedite the delivery of product to our customers. If we incur a significant amount of premium freight charges, our gross profit will be negatively affected if we are unable to pass on those charges to our customers.
Legal, Regulatory, Global and Other External Risks
Use of social media may subject us to fines or other penalties.
There has been a substantial increase in the use of social media platforms and similar mediums, including blogs, social media websites, and other forms of internet-based communications, which allow individuals access to a broad audience of consumers and other interested persons. As laws and regulations rapidly evolve to govern the use of these platforms and devices, the failure by us, our associates or third parties acting at our direction to abide by applicable laws and regulations in the use of these platforms and mediums could adversely impact our reputation or subject us to fines or other penalties.
Establishing and protecting our intellectual property is critical to our business.
Our ability to remain competitive is dependent upon our continued ability to secure and protect trademarks, patents and other intellectual property rights in the U.S. and internationally for all of our lines of business. We rely on a combination of trade secret, patent, trademark, copyright and other laws, license agreements and other contractual provisions and technical measures to protect our intellectual property rights; however, some countries’ laws do not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent U.S. laws do.
Our business could be significantly harmed if we are not able to protect our intellectual property, or if a court found us to be infringing on other persons’ intellectual property rights. Any future intellectual property lawsuits or threatened lawsuits in which we are involved, either as a plaintiff or as a defendant, could cost us a significant amount of time and money and distract management’s attention from operating our business. If we do not prevail on any intellectual property claims, then we may have to change our manufacturing processes, products or trade names, any of which could reduce our profitability.
Our business and results of operations are subject to a broad range of uncertainties arising out of world and domestic events.
Our business and results of operations are subject to uncertainties arising out of world and domestic events, which may impact not only consumer demand, but also our ability to obtain the products we sell, most of which are produced outside the countries in which we operate. These uncertainties may include a global economic slowdown, changes in consumer spending or travel, increase in fuel prices, and the economic consequences of pandemics, natural disasters, military action or terrorist activities and increased regulatory and compliance burdens related to governmental actions in response to a variety of factors, including but not limited to national security and anti-terrorism concerns and concerns about climate change. Any future events arising as a result of terrorist activity or other world events may have a material adverse impact on our business, including the demand for and our ability to source products, and consequently on our results of operations and financial condition.
The increasing scope of our non-U.S. operations exposes our performance to risks including foreign, political, legal and economic conditions and exchange rate fluctuations.
Our performance depends in part on general economic conditions affecting all countries in which we do business. In March 2017, the United Kingdom announced its decision to exit the European Union ("Brexit"). The U.K. formally withdrew from the European Union ("E.U.") on January 31, 2020; however, uncertainty remains as to what kind of post-Brexit agreement between the U.K. and the E.U., if any, may be approved by the U.K. Parliament. Our business in the U.K. may be adversely affected by the uncertainty surrounding the future relationship between the U.K. and the E.U. Brexit and any uncertainty with respect thereto could adversely impact consumer demand and create significant currency fluctuations. In addition, we could be adversely impacted by changes in trade policies, labor, tax or other laws and regulations, intellectual property rights and supply chain logistics. We may incur additional costs as it addresses any such changes.
We are also dependent on foreign manufacturers for the products we sell, and our inventory is subject to cost and availability of foreign materials and labor. In addition to the other risks disclosed herein, demand for our product offering in our non-U.S. operations is also subject to local market conditions. As a result, we can give no assurance that Schuh's or our Canadian operations' future performance will not be adversely affected by economic conditions in their markets.
As we expand our international operations, we also increase our exposure to exchange rate fluctuations. Sales from stores outside the U.S. are denominated in the currency of the country in which these operations or stores are located and changes in foreign exchange rates affect the translation of the sales and earnings of these businesses into U.S. dollars for financial reporting purposes. Additionally, inventory purchase agreements may also be denominated in the currency of the country where the vendor resides.
As the U.S. dollar strengthens relative to foreign currencies, our revenues and profits are reduced when converted into U.S. dollars and our margins may be negatively impacted by the increase in product costs. Although we typically have sought to mitigate the negative impacts of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations through price increases and further actions to reduce costs, we may not be able to fully offset the impact, if at all. Our success depends, in part, on our ability to manage these various foreign currency impacts as changes in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to other currencies could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.
The imposition of tariffs on our products could adversely affect our business.
Statements by the current presidential administration have introduced greater uncertainty with respect to tax and trade policies, tariffs and regulations affecting trade between the United States and other countries. We source a significant portion of our merchandise from manufacturers located outside the United States, including from China. The United States has imposed tariffs on certain products imported into the U.S. from China. These tariffs and any additional tariffs on imported products could result in an increase in prices for those products. In addition, the tariffs could also increase the costs of our U.S. suppliers, causing our U.S. suppliers to also increase the costs of their products. If we are unable to pass along increased costs to our customers, our gross margins could be adversely affected. Alternatively, tariffs may cause us to shift production to other countries, resulting in significant costs and disruption to our business. The imposition of tariffs by the United States also has resulted in the adoption of tariffs by China and could result in the adoption of tariffs by other countries as well. A resulting trade war could have a significant adverse effect on world trade and the world economy. Tariffs and any additional developments in tax policy or trade relations could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and liquidity.
Our ability to source our merchandise profitably or at all could be hurt if new trade restrictions are imposed, existing trade restrictions become more burdensome or disruptions occur at our suppliers or at the ports.
Trade restrictions, including increased tariffs, safeguards or quotas, on footwear, apparel and accessories could increase the cost or reduce the supply of merchandise available to us. We source our footwear and accessory products from foreign manufacturers located in Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, China, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Italy, Mauritius, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Portugal, Peru, Romania, Taiwan and Vietnam, and our retail operations sell primarily branded products from third parties who source primarily overseas. The investments we are making to develop our sourcing capabilities may not be successful and may, in turn, have an adverse impact on our financial position and results of operations.
There are quotas and trade restrictions on certain categories of goods and apparel from China and countries that are not subject to the World Trade Organization Agreement, which could have a significant impact on our sourcing patterns in the future. In addition, political uncertainty in the United States may result in significant changes to United States trade policies, treaties and tariffs, including trade policies and tariffs regarding China, including the potential disallowance of tax deductions for imported merchandise or the imposition of additional unilateral tariffs on imported products. These developments, or the perception that any of them could occur, may have a material adverse effect on global economic conditions and the stability of global financial markets, and may significantly reduce global trade and, in particular, trade between these nations and the United States. Any of these factors could depress economic activity, restrict our sourcing from suppliers and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations and affect our strategy in Asia and elsewhere around the world. We cannot predict whether any of the countries in which our merchandise is currently manufactured or may be manufactured in the future will be subject to additional trade restrictions imposed by the U.S. and foreign governments, nor can we predict the likelihood, type or effect of any such restrictions. Trade restrictions, including increased tariffs or quotas, embargoes, safeguards and customs restrictions against items we source from foreign manufacturers could increase the cost, delay shipping or reduce the supply of products available to us or may require us to modify our current business practices, any of which could hurt our profitability.
We rely on our suppliers to manufacture and ship the products they produce for us in a timely manner. We also rely on the free flow of goods through open and operational ports worldwide. Labor disputes at various ports or at our suppliers could increase costs for us and delay our receipt of merchandise, particularly if these disputes result in work slowdowns, lockouts, strikes or other disruptions.
We are subject to regulatory proceedings and litigation and to regulatory changes that could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
We are party to certain lawsuits, governmental investigations, and regulatory proceedings, including the proceedings arising out of alleged environmental contamination relating to historical operations of the Company and various suits involving current operations as disclosed in Item 3, "Legal Proceedings" and Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. If these or similar matters are resolved against us, our results of operations, our cash flows, or our financial condition could be adversely affected. The costs of defending such lawsuits and responding to such investigations and regulatory proceedings may be substantial and their potential to distract management from day-to-day business is significant. Moreover, with retail operations in the United States, Puerto Rico, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Ireland, we are subject to federal, state, provincial, territorial, local and foreign regulations, which impose costs and risks on our business. Numerous states and municipalities as well as the federal government of the U.S. are proposing or have implemented changes to minimum wage, overtime, employee leave, employee benefit requirements and other requirements that will increase costs. The Company and each of our subsidiaries that employ an average of 50 full-time employees in a calendar year are required to offer a minimum level of health coverage for 95% of our full-time employees or be subject to a penalty. Changes in regulations could make compliance more difficult and costly, and failure to comply with these requirements, including even a seemingly minor infraction, could result in liability for damages or penalties.
New accounting guidance or changes in the interpretation or application of existing accounting guidance could adversely affect our financial performance.
The implementation of new accounting standards could require certain systems, internal process and other changes that could increase our operating costs, and also could result in changes to our financial statements. In particular, the implementation of accounting standards related to leases, as issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) is requiring us to make significant changes to our lease management and other accounting systems, and has resulted in a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.
U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and related accounting pronouncements, implementation guidelines and interpretations with regard to a wide range of matters that are relevant to our business involve many subjective assumptions, estimates and judgments by our management. Changes in these rules or their interpretation or changes in underlying assumptions, estimates or judgments by our management could significantly change our reported or expected financial performance.
A portion of our indebtedness is subject to floating interest rates.
Borrowings under our credit facility bear interest at varying rates, some of which are based on LIBOR, and expose us to interest rate risk. If interest rates were to increase, our debt service obligations on the variable rate indebtedness referred to above would increase even if the principal amount borrowed remained the same, and our net income and cash flows will correspondingly decrease.
In addition, in 2017, the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to phase out LIBOR by the end of 2021. It is unclear if LIBOR will cease to exist at that time or if new methods of calculating LIBOR will be established such that it continues to exist after 2021. The expected phase out of LIBOR could cause market volatility or disruption and may adversely affect our access to the capital markets and cost of funding. Furthermore, while our credit facility contains provisions providing for alternative rate calculations in the event LIBOR is unavailable, these provisions may be more expensive.
Changes in our effective income tax rate could adversely affect our net earnings.
A number of factors influence our effective income tax rate, including changes in tax law, tax treaties, interpretation of existing laws, including the newly enacted Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the "Act"), and our ability to sustain our reporting positions on examination. Changes in any of those factors could change our effective tax rate, which could adversely affect our net earnings and liquidity. In addition, our operations outside of the United States may cause greater volatility in our effective tax rate.
We continue to expect the United States Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service to issue regulations and other guidance that could have a material impact on our effective tax rate in future periods.
Actions of activist shareholders could cause us to incur substantial costs, divert management’s attention and resources, and have an adverse effect on our business.
Our shareholders may from time to time engage in proxy solicitations, advance shareholders proposals or otherwise attempt to affect changes or acquire control over the Company. If activist shareholder activities ensue, our business could be adversely affected because responding to proxy contests and reacting to other actions by activist shareholders can be costly and time-consuming, disrupt our operations and divert the attention of management and our employees. For example, we may be required to retain the services of various professionals to advise us on activist shareholder matters, including legal, financial and communication advisors, the costs of which may negatively impact our future financial results. In addition, perceived uncertainties as to our future direction, strategy or leadership created as a consequence of activist shareholders initiatives may result in the loss of potential business opportunities, harm our ability to attract new investors, customers, and employees, and cause our stock price to experience periods of volatility or stagnation.
ITEM 1B, UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
ITEM 2, PROPERTIES
At February 1, 2020, we operated 1,480 retail footwear and accessory stores throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, Canada, the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. New shopping center store leases in the United States, Puerto Rico and Canada typically are for a term of approximately 10 years. New store leases in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland typically have terms of between 10 and 15 years. We have leases with fixed base rental payments, rental payments based on a percentage of retail sales over contractual amounts and others with predetermined fixed escalations of the minimum rental payments based on a defined consumer price index or percentage.
The general location, use and approximate size of our principal properties are set forth below:
Distribution warehouse and administrative offices
Executive & footwear operations offices
Chapel Hill, TN
Johnston & Murphy Group
Deans Industrial Estate, Livingston, Scotland
Distribution warehouse and administrative offices
We occupy approximately 97% of our current corporate headquarters building and sublease the remainder of the building. The lease on the Nashville office expires in April 2022.
On February 10, 2020, we announced plans for our new corporate headquarters in Nashville, Tennessee. We entered into a lease agreement for approximately 199,000 square feet of office space which will replace our current corporate headquarters office lease. The term of the lease is 15 years, with two options to extend for an additional period of five years each. We believe that all leases of properties that are material to our operations may be renewed, or that alternative properties are available, on terms not materially less favorable to us than existing leases.
ITEM 3, LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
New York State Environmental Matters
In August 1997, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (“NYSDEC”) and the Company entered into a consent order whereby we assumed responsibility for conducting a remedial investigation and feasibility study and implementing an interim remedial measure with regard to the site of a knitting mill operated by a former subsidiary of ours from 1965 to 1969. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”), which assumed primary regulatory responsibility for the site from NYSDEC, issued a Record of Decision in September 2007. The Record of Decision specified a remedy of a combination of groundwater extraction and treatment and in-situ chemical oxidation.
In September 2015, the EPA adopted an amendment to the Record of Decision eliminating the separate ground-water extraction and treatment systems and the use of in-situ oxidation from the remedy adopted in the Record of Decision. The amendment provides for the continued operation and maintenance of the existing wellhead treatment systems on wells operated by the Village of Garden City, New York (the "Village"). It also requires us to perform certain ongoing monitoring, operation and maintenance activities and to reimburse EPA's future oversight cost, involving future costs to us estimated to be between $1.7 million and $2.0 million, and to reimburse EPA for approximately $1.25 million of interim oversight costs. On August 15, 2016, the Court entered a Consent Judgment implementing the remedy provided for by the amendment.
The Village additionally asserted that we are liable for the costs associated with enhanced treatment required by the impact of the groundwater plume from the site on two public water supply wells, including historical total costs ranging from approximately $1.8 million to in excess of $2.5 million, and future operation and maintenance costs which the Village estimated at $126,400 annually while the enhanced treatment continues. On December 14, 2007, the Village filed a complaint (the "Village Lawsuit") against us and the owner of the property under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”), the Safe Drinking Water Act, and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”) as well as a number of state law theories in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, seeking an injunction requiring the defendants to remediate contamination from the site and to establish their liability for future costs that may be incurred in connection with it.
In June 2016 we reached an agreement with the Village providing for the Village to continue to operate and maintain the well head treatment systems in accordance with the Record of Decision and to release its claims against us asserted in the Village Lawsuit in exchange for a lump-sum payment of $10.0 million by us. On August 25, 2016, the Village Lawsuit was dismissed with prejudice. The cost of the settlement with the Village and the estimated costs associated with our compliance with the Consent Judgment were covered by our existing provision for the site. The settlement with the Village did not have, and we expect that the Consent Judgment will not have, a material effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
In April 2015, we received from EPA a Notice of Potential Liability and Demand for Costs (the "Notice") pursuant to CERCLA regarding the site in Gloversville, New York of a former leather tannery operated by us and by other, unrelated parties. The Notice demanded payment of approximately $2.2 million of response costs claimed by EPA to have been incurred to conduct assessments and removal activities at the site. In February 2017, we entered into a settlement agreement with EPS resolving their claim for past response costs in exchange for a payment by us of $1.5 million which was paid in May 2017. Our environmental insurance carrier has reimbursed us for 75% of the settlement amount, subject to a $500,000 self-insured retention. We do not expect any additional cost related to the matter.
Whitehall Environmental Matters
We have performed sampling and analysis of soil, sediments, surface water, groundwater and waste management areas at our former Volunteer Leather Company facility in Whitehall, Michigan.
In October 2010, we entered into a Consent Decree with the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment providing for implementation of a remedial Work Plan for the facility site designed to bring the site into compliance with applicable regulatory standards. The Work Plan's implementation is substantially complete and we expect, based on our present understanding of the condition of the site, that our future obligations with respect to the site will be limited to periodic monitoring and that future costs related to the site should not have a material effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
Accrual for Environmental Contingencies
Related to all outstanding environmental contingencies, we had accrued $1.5 million as of February 1, 2020, $1.8 million as of February 2, 2019 and $3.0 million as of February 3, 2018. All such provisions reflect our estimates of the most likely cost (undiscounted, including both current and noncurrent portions) of resolving the contingencies, based on facts and circumstances as of the time they were made. There is no assurance that relevant facts and circumstances will not change, necessitating future changes to the provisions. Such contingent liabilities are included in the liability arising from provision for discontinued operations on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets because it relates to former facilities operated by us. We have made pretax accruals for certain of these contingencies, including approximately $0.4 million in Fiscal 2020, $0.7 million in Fiscal 2019 and $0.6 million in Fiscal 2018. These charges are included in loss from discontinued operations, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and represent changes in estimates.
Other Legal Matters
On May 19, 2017, two former employees of our former Hat World subsidiary filed a putative class and collective action, Chen and Salas v. Genesco Inc., et al., in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois alleging violations of the FLSA and certain Illinois and New York wages and hours laws, including, among others, failure to pay overtime to store managers, and also seeking back pay, damages, statutory penalties, and declaratory and injunctive relief. On March 8, 2018, the court granted us a motion to transfer venue to the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana. On March 9, 2018, a former employee of our former Hat World subsidiary filed a putative class action in the Superior Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts claiming violations of the Massachusetts Overtime Law, M.G.L.C. 151§1A, by failing to pay overtime to employees classified as store managers, and seeking restitution, an incentive award, treble damages, interest, attorneys fees and costs. We reached an agreement in principle to settle the Chen and Salas and Massachusetts matters for payment of attorneys' fees and administrative costs totaling $0.4 million plus total payments to members of the
plaintiff class who opt to participate in the settlement of up to $0.8 million. The proposed settlement has been approved by the court and the distribution of relief to class members is in process. We do not expect that the proposed settlement will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
In the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2020, the IRS notified us on Letter 226-J, that we may be liable for an Employer Shared Responsibility Payment (“ESRP”) in the amount of $4.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2017. The ESRP is applicable to employers that had 50 or more full-time equivalent employees, did not offer minimum essential coverage (“MEC”) to at least 95% of full-time employees (and their dependents) or did offer MEC to at least 95% of full time-employees (and their dependents), which did not meet the affordable or minimum value criteria and had one or more employees who claimed the Employee Premium Tax Credit (“PTC”) pursuant to the Affordable Care Act (the “ACA”). The IRS determines which employers receive Letter 226-J and the amount of the proposed ESRP from information that the employers complete on their information returns (IRS Forms 1094-C and 1095-C) and from the income tax returns of their employees. Since the inception of the ACA, it has been our policy to offer MEC to all full-time employees and their dependents. Based on our analysis, we responded to the IRS on January 15, 2020 asserting that we did offer MEC to at least 95% of our full-time employees for each month of 2017 and noting that the discrepancy was caused by errors in the electronic files uploaded through the ACA information return system. We are awaiting a response from the IRS and do not believe we have a liability. As a result, we did not make an accrual for this matter for the year ended February 1, 2020.
In addition to the matters specifically described in this Item 3, we are a party to other legal and regulatory proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of our business. While management does not believe that our liability with respect to any of these other matters is likely to have a material effect on our financial statements, legal proceedings are subject to inherent uncertainties and unfavorable rulings could have a material adverse impact on our financial statements.
ITEM 4, MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
ITEM 4A, INFORMATION ABOUT OUR EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
The officers of the Company are generally elected at the first meeting of the Board of Directors following the annual meeting of shareholders and hold office until their successors have been chosen and qualified or until their earlier death, resignation or removal. The name, age and office of each of the Company’s executive officers and certain information relating to the business experience of each are set forth below:
Mimi Eckel Vaughn, 53, President and Chief Executive Officer. Ms. Vaughn joined the Company in September 2003 as vice president of strategy and business development. She was named senior vice president, strategy and business development in October 2006, senior vice president of strategy and shared services in April 2009 and senior vice president - finance and chief financial officer in February 2015. In May 2019, Ms. Vaughn was named senior vice president and chief operating officer and continued to serve as senior vice president - finance and chief financial officer until Mel Tucker was appointed as her replacement in June 2019. In October 2019, Ms. Vaughn was appointed to become president and chief executive officer of the Company on February 2, 2020. Prior to joining the Company, Ms. Vaughn was executive vice president of business development and marketing, and acting chief financial officer from 2000 to 2001, for Link2Gov Corporation in Nashville. From 1993 to 1999, she was a consultant at McKinsey and Company in Atlanta.
Melvin G. Tucker, 55, Senior Vice President - Finance and Chief Financial Officer. Mr. Tucker joined the Company in June 2019 as senior vice president of finance and chief financial officer. Mr. Tucker most recently served as chief financial officer of Century 21 Department Stores, a position he held since 2014. Prior to serving in that role, Mr. Tucker served as chief financial officer of Bass Pro Shops from 2013 to 2014, as senior vice president of finance of PetSmart from 2008 to 2013, and as vice president of financial planning and analysis of Circuit City from 2005 to 2008.
Danny Ewoldsen, 50, Senior Vice President. Mr. Ewoldsen is a 16-year Johnston & Murphy veteran. He joined Johnston & Murphy in 2003 as vice president store operations and later promoted to vice president store and consumer sales in 2006. He was named executive vice president, Johnston & Murphy Retail and E-Commerce in 2013, president of Johnston & Murphy Group in January 2019 and named senior vice president of Genesco in July 2019. Prior to joining Genesco, Mr. Ewoldsen was with Wilsons Leather from 1996 to 2002 serving in roles with increasing responsibilities, including vice president of stores for the El Portal division.
Mario Gallione, 59, Senior Vice President. Mr. Gallione is a 42-year veteran of Genesco. He began his career as a Jarman sales associate in 1977. He was promoted to manager and served in a variety of sales management positions until 1987 when he was promoted as a merchandiser trainee and rose through the ranks to divisional merchandise manager for Journeys in 1994 and vice president in 1998. In October 2006, he was named senior vice president, general merchandise manager of Journeys Group. In 2010, he was named chief merchandising officer of Journeys Group. In September 2017, Mr. Gallione was named president of Journeys and in July 2019, he was named senior vice president of Genesco.
Scott E. Becker, 52, Senior Vice President - General Counsel and Corporate Secretary. In October 2019, Mr. Becker joined the Company as senior vice president, general counsel, and corporate secretary. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Becker served in a variety of roles with increasing responsibility for Nissan Group of North America and Latin America since 2006. Since 2009, he was a senior vice president with responsibilities for Nissan’s legal, government affairs, finance, strategy and administration. From 2006 to 2009, he served as Nissan’s general counsel, corporate secretary and vice president, legal and government affairs. Prior to joining Nissan, Mr. Becker served in various legal roles at Sears Holdings Corporation. Mr. Becker began his legal career with several Chicago area law firms.
Parag D. Desai, 45, Senior Vice President of Strategy and Shared Services. Mr. Desai joined the Company in 2014 as senior vice president of strategy and shared services. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Desai spent 14 years with McKinsey and Company, including seven years as a partner. Previously, Mr. Desai also held business development and technology positions at Outpace Systems and Booz Allen & Hamilton.
Brently G. Baxter, 54, Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer. Mr. Baxter joined the Company in September 2019 as vice president and chief accounting officer. Mr. Baxter most recently served as group vice president, controller and principal accounting officer for Sally Beauty Holdings, Inc., a position he held since 2017. From 2014 and 2016, he served as senior vice president, controller and chief accounting officer for Stein Mart, Inc. From 2006 to 2014, he served as vice president, accounting, treasury and corporate controller for PetSmart, Inc. From 2003 to 2006, Mr. Baxter served as vice president and controller for Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc.
Matthew N. Johnson, 55, Vice President and Treasurer. Mr. Johnson joined the Company in 1993 as manager, corporate finance and was elected assistant treasurer in December 1993. He was elected treasurer in June 1996. He was named vice president finance in October 2006 and renamed treasurer in April 2011 after a period of service as chief financial officer of one of the Company's divisions. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Johnson was a vice president in the corporate and institutional banking division of The First National Bank of Chicago.
ITEM 5, MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Our stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "GCO".
There were approximately 1,450 common shareholders of record on March 13, 2020.
We have not paid cash dividends to our holders of our Common Stock since 1973. Our ability to pay cash dividends to our holders of common stock is subject to various restrictions. See Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" for information regarding restrictions on dividends and redemption of capital stock.
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Equity Compensation Plan Information
Refer to Part III, Item 12, "Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters" included elsewhere in this report.
ITEM 6, SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
Financial Summary - We completed the sale of Lids Sports Group on February 2, 2019. The operating results in the table below have been adjusted to reflect Lids Sports Group in discontinued operations for all periods prior to Fiscal 2020. See Item 8, Note 16 to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information about discontinued operations.
In thousands except per common share data, Financial Statistics and Other Data (End of Year)
Fiscal Year End
Results of Operations Data
Depreciation and amortization
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
Earnings from continuing operations(1)
(Loss) earnings from discontinued operations, net
Net earnings (loss)
Per Common Share Data
Earnings from continuing operations
Net earnings (loss)
Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Data
Non-redeemable preferred stock
Operating income as a percent of net sales
Book value per share (common equity divided by common shares outstanding)
Working capital(3) (in thousands)
Percent long-term debt to total capitalization
Other Data (End of Year)
Number of retail outlets(4)
Number of employees
(1)Reflected in earnings from continuing operations was a charge of $0.6 million for loss on early retirement of debt for Fiscal 2019 and a gain of $12.3 million from the sale of SureGrip Footwear for Fiscal 2017.
Also reflected in earnings from continuing operations for Fiscal 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017 and 2016 were asset impairment and other charges (gains) of $13.4 million, $3.2 million, $7.8 million, $(8.0) million and $2.7 million, respectively. See Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
(2)Long-term debt includes current obligations.
(3)Working capital as of February 1, 2020 was impacted by the adoption of ASC 842 which requires the current portion of operating lease liabilities to be on the face of the Consolidated Balance Sheets. At February 1, 2020, current portion of operating lease liabilities was $142.7 million.
(4)Includes 36 Little Burgundy stores added in Fiscal 2016 that were acquired on November 3, 2015.
ITEM 7, MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
For discussion of results of operations and financial condition pertaining to Fiscal 2019 and Fiscal 2018, see our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 2, 2019, Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
Summary of Results of Operations
Our net sales increased 0.4% during Fiscal 2020 compared to Fiscal 2019. The increase reflected a 3% increase in Journeys Group sales, partially offset by a 2% decrease in Schuh Group sales, a 4% decrease in Johnston & Murphy Group sales and a 15% decrease in Licensed Brands sales. Excluding the impact of lower exchange rates, net sales increased 1% during Fiscal 2020. Gross margin increased as a percentage of net sales from 47.8% in Fiscal 2019 to 48.4% in Fiscal 2020, reflecting gross margin increases as a percentage of net sales in all of our business segments. Selling and administrative expenses were flat as a percentage of net sales at 44.0% in Fiscal 2020 and Fiscal 2019, reflecting decreased expenses as a percentage of net sales in Journeys Group and Schuh Group, offset by increased expenses as a percentage of net sales in Johnston & Murphy Group and Licensed Brands, while Corporate expenses were flat. Operating income increased as a percentage of net sales from 3.7% in Fiscal 2019 to 3.8% in Fiscal 2020, reflecting increased earnings in Journeys Group and Schuh Group, partially offset by decreased earnings in Johnston & Murphy Group, Licensed Brands and Corporate in Fiscal 2020.
Outbreak of COVID-19
The outbreak of COVID-19 continues to grow in the U.S., U.K. and globally, and related government and private sector responsive actions may adversely affect our business operations. It is impossible to predict the effect and ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic as the situation is rapidly evolving. The spread of COVID-19 has caused public health officials to recommend precautions to mitigate the spread of the virus, especially when congregating in heavily populated areas, such as malls and shopping centers. In consideration of the health and well-being of our employees, customers and communities, and in support of efforts to contain the spread of the virus, we temporarily closed our North American stores on March 18, 2020. In addition, on March 23, 2020, our stores in the United Kingdom and Ireland were closed and on March 26, 2020, our UK e-commerce business was temporarily closed. Our e-commerce operations across all of our North American brands remain open and ready to serve our customers. We will continue to evaluate the timing of reopening our stores and UK e-commerce operations until such time as the stores can be opened safely and in compliance with applicable laws and regulations, as developments continue to occur in this rapidly changing environment. There is significant uncertainty around the breadth and duration of these store closures and other business disruptions related to COVID-19, as well as its impact on the U.S. and U.K. economies, consumer willingness to visit malls and shopping centers, and employee willingness to staff our stores once they re-open. While we anticipate our future results to be adversely impacted, the extent to which COVID-19 impacts our future results will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions taken to contain it or treat its impact.
The Acquisition of Togast
Effective January 1, 2020, we completed the acquisition of substantially all the assets and the assumption of certain liabilities of Togast. Togast specializes in the the design, sourcing and sale of licensed footwear. We also entered into a new U.S. footwear license agreement with Levi Strauss & Co. for the license of Levi's® footwear for men, women and children in U.S. concurrently with the Togast acquisition. The acquisition expands our portfolio to include footwear licenses for Bass®, ADIO and FUBU, among others. Togast operates in our Licensed Brands segment.
The Sale of Lids Sports Group
We announced in February of 2018 that we were initiating a formal process to explore the sale of our Lids Sports Group business. On December 14, 2018, we entered into a definitive agreement for the sale of Lids Sports Group to FanzzLids Holdings, a holding company controlled and operated by affiliates of Ames Watson Capital, LLC. The sale was completed on February 2, 2019 for $93.8 million cash, which consisted of a sales price of $100.0 million and working capital adjustments of $6.2 million. Because the effective date of closing was a Saturday and we did not receive the cash proceeds until February 4, 2019, the purchase price is reflected in accounts receivable at February 2, 2019. We recorded a loss on the sale of Lids Sports Group of $98.3 million, net of tax, on the sale of these assets, representing the sales price less the value of the Lids Sports Group assets sold and other miscellaneous charges, including divestiture transaction costs, offset by a tax benefit
on the loss. As a result of the sale, we met the requirements to report the results of Lids Sports Group as discontinued operations, and reflected the loss in loss from discontinued operations, net in our Consolidated Statements of Operations. The costs of the Lids Sports Group headquarters building, which was not included in the sale, was reclassified to corporate and other. During the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2020, we completed the sale of the Lids Sports Group headquarters building for a total of $17.7 million which included a gain on the sale of $0.6 million reported in asset impairments and other, net on our Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended February 1, 2020. Unless otherwise noted, the discussion herein relates to continuing operations. See additional information regarding the sale of Lids Sports Group in Item 8, Note 16, "Discontinued Operations", to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Asset Impairment and Other Charges
We recorded a pretax charge to earnings of $13.4 million in Fiscal 2020, including $11.5 million pension settlement expense and $3.1 million for retail store asset impairments, partially offset by a $(0.6) million gain on the sale of the Lids Sports Group headquarters building, a $(0.4) million gain for lease terminations and a $(0.2) million gain related to Hurricane Maria.
Postretirement Benefit Liability
In March 2019, our board of directors authorized the termination of the defined benefit pension plan. The termination was completed in January 2020 with a pension settlement charge of $11.5 million which is included in asset impairments and other, net on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for Fiscal 2020.
For purposes of this report, "comparable sales" are sales from stores open longer than one year, beginning with the first day it has comparable sales (which we refer to in this report as "same store sales"), and sales from websites operated longer than one year and direct mail catalog sales (which we refer to in this report as "comparable direct sales"). Temporarily closed stores are excluded from the comparable sales calculation if closed for more than seven days. Expanded stores are excluded from the comparable sales calculation until the first day it has comparable prior year sales. Current year foreign exchange rates are applied to both current year and prior year comparable sales to achieve a consistent basis for comparison.
Results of Operations—Fiscal 2020 Compared to Fiscal 2019
Our net sales for Fiscal 2020 increased 0.4% to $2.20 billion from $2.19 billion in Fiscal 2019. The increase in net sales was a result of increased sales in Journeys Group, partially offset by decreased sales in Schuh Group, Johnston & Murphy Group and Licensed Brands. Comparable sales increased 3%, with stores up 1% and direct up 18%. Gross margin increased 1.5% to $1.063 billion in Fiscal 2020 from $1.047 billion in Fiscal 2019, and increased as a percentage of net sales from 47.8% in Fiscal 2019 to 48.4% in Fiscal 2020, primarily reflecting increased gross margin as a percentage of net sales in all of our business segments. Selling and administrative expenses in Fiscal 2020 increased 0.5% from Fiscal 2019, but were flat as a percentage of net sales at 44.0%, primarily reflecting decreased expenses in Journeys Group and Schuh Group, partially offset by increased expenses in Johnston & Murphy Group and Licensed Brands, while Corporate was flat. Explanations of the changes in results of operations are provided by business segment in discussions following these introductory paragraphs.
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes (“pretax earnings”) for Fiscal 2020 were $82.4 million, compared to $78.3 million for Fiscal 2019. Pretax earnings for Fiscal 2020 included an asset impairment and other charge of $13.4 million for pension settlement expense and retail store asset impairments, partially offset by a gain on the sale of the Lids Sports Group headquarters building, a gain on lease terminations and a gain related to Hurricane Maria. Pretax earnings for Fiscal 2019 included an asset impairment and other charge of $3.2 million for retail store asset impairments, other legal matters and hurricane losses, partially offset by a gain from Hurricane Maria. In addition, pretax earnings included a $0.6 million charge for loss on early retirement of debt.
Net earnings for Fiscal 2020 were $61.4 million ($3.92 diluted earnings per share) compared to a net loss of $(51.9) million ($2.66 diluted loss per share) for Fiscal 2019. Net earnings for Fiscal 2020 included a pretax charge of $0.4 million primarily for anticipated costs of environmental remedial alternatives related to former facilities operated by us. The net loss for Fiscal 2019 included a net loss from discontinued operations of $103.2 million ($5.29 diluted loss per share). Included in Fiscal 2019 discontinued operations was a $126.3 million pretax loss on the sale of Lids Sports Group as well as a pretax charge of $0.7 million primarily for anticipated costs of environmental remedial alternatives related to former facilities operated by us. The effective income tax rate was 25.1% for Fiscal 2020 compared to 34.5% for Fiscal 2019. The effective tax rate for Fiscal 2020 was lower compared to Fiscal 2019 due to the benefit of additional income taxed at lower jurisdictional statutory tax rates, partially offset by a reduction in U.S. federal tax credits. See Item 8, Note 10, "Income Taxes", to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.
Fiscal Year Ended
(dollars in thousands)
Net sales from Journeys Group increased 2.8% to $1.46 billion for Fiscal 2020 compared to $1.42 billion for Fiscal 2019. The increase reflected a 4% increase in comparable sales partially offset by a 3% decrease in average Journeys stores operated (i.e. the sum of the number of stores open on the first day of the fiscal year and the last day of each fiscal month during the year divided by thirteen) for Fiscal 2020. The comparable sales increase reflected a 5% increase in footwear unit comparable sales, while the average price per pair of shoes was flat. The store count for Journeys Group was 1,171 stores at the end of Fiscal 2020, including 233 Journeys Kidz stores, 46 Journeys stores in Canada and 39 Little Burgundy stores in Canada, compared to 1,193 stores at the end of Fiscal 2019, including 239 Journeys Kidz stores, 46 Journeys stores in Canada and 41 Little Burgundy stores in Canada.
Journeys Group operating income for Fiscal 2020 increased 14.0% to $114.9 million, compared to $100.8 million for Fiscal 2019. The increase in operating income was primarily due to (i) increased net sales, (ii) increased gross margin as a percentage of sales, reflecting decreased markdowns and (iii) decreased expenses as a percentage of net sales reflecting decreased rent and bonus expenses, partially offset by increased professional fees and marketing expense.
Fiscal Year Ended
(dollars in thousands)
Net sales from the Schuh Group decreased 2.3% to $373.9 million for Fiscal 2020, compared to $382.6 million for Fiscal 2019. The sales decrease reflects primarily a decrease of $12.8 million in sales due to changes in foreign exchange rates and a 2% decrease in average stores operated, partially offset by a 2% increase in comparable sales. Schuh Group operated 129 stores at the end of Fiscal 2020 compared to 136 at the end of Fiscal 2019.
Schuh Group operating income increased 23.7% to $4.7 million in Fiscal 2020 compared to $3.8 million for Fiscal 2019. The increase in earnings this year reflects (i) increased gross margin as a percentage of net sales due primarily to better margins on sale priced products and (ii) decreased expenses as a percentage of net sales primarily due to decreased rent and depreciation expenses, partially offset by increased marketing and compensation expenses. In addition, Schuh Group's operating income was not materially impacted for Fiscal 2020 due to changes in foreign exchange rates.
Johnston & Murphy Group
Fiscal Year Ended
(dollars in thousands)
Johnston & Murphy Group net sales decreased 3.9% to $300.9 million for Fiscal 2020 from $313.1 million for Fiscal 2019. The decrease reflected primarily a 2% decrease in comparable sales and a 1% decrease in average stores operated for Johnston & Murphy retail operations and a 10% decrease in Johnston & Murphy wholesale sales. Unit sales for the Johnston
& Murphy wholesale business decreased 9% in Fiscal 2020 and the average price per pair of shoes decreased 1% for the same period. Retail operations accounted for 75.8% of the Johnston & Murphy Group's sales in Fiscal 2020, up from 74.2% in Fiscal 2019. The comparable sales decrease reflected a 3% decrease in the average price per pair of shoes, while footwear unit comparable sales were flat. The store count for Johnston & Murphy retail operations at the end of Fiscal 2020 included 180 Johnston & Murphy shops and factory stores, including eight stores in Canada, compared to 183 Johnston & Murphy shops and factory stores, including eight stores in Canada, at the end of Fiscal 2019.
Johnston & Murphy operating income for Fiscal 2020 decreased 13.2% to $17.7 million from $20.4 million for Fiscal 2019, primarily due to (i) decreased net sales and (ii) increased expenses as a percentage of net sales primarily due to increased marketing expense, selling salaries and rent expense, partially offset by decreased bonus expense.
Fiscal Year Ended
(dollars in thousands)
Licensed Brands’ net sales decreased 14.8% to $61.9 million for Fiscal 2020 from $72.6 million for Fiscal 2019. The sales decrease primarily reflects decreased sales of Dockers Footwear. Unit sales for Dockers Footwear decreased 13% for Fiscal 2020 and the average price per pair of shoes decreased 4% for the same period.
Licensed Brands’ operating loss increased from $(0.5) million for Fiscal 2019 to $(0.7) million for Fiscal 2020, primarily due to (i) decreased net sales and (ii) increased expenses as a percentage of net sales primarily due to increased compensation expense, shipping and warehouse, freight and marketing expense, partially offset by decreased bonus and royalty expenses.
Corporate, Interest Expenses and Other Charges
Corporate and other expense for Fiscal 2020 was $53.3 million compared to $42.6 million for Fiscal 2019. Corporate expense in Fiscal 2020 included a $13.4 million charge in asset impairment and other charges, primarily for pension settlement expense and retail store asset impairments, partially offset by a gain on the sale of the Lids Sports Group headquarters building, a gain on lease terminations and a gain related to Hurricane Maria. Fiscal 2019 included a $3.2 million charge in asset impairment and other charges, primarily for retail store asset impairments, other legal matters and hurricane losses, partially offset by a gain from Hurricane Maria. Excluding the charges listed above, corporate and other expense increased slightly primarily due to increased professional fees partially offset by decreased expenses associated with the former Lids Sports Group headquarters building.
Net interest expense decreased 61.7% from $3.3 million in Fiscal 2019 to $1.3 million in Fiscal 2020 primarily due to increased interest income. Interest income increased $1.3 million due to the increase in average short-term investments.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The following table sets forth certain financial data at the dates indicated and includes all operations of the Company.
Feb. 1, 2020
Feb. 2, 2019
Feb. 3, 2018
(dollars in millions)
Cash and cash equivalents
Long-term debt (includes current maturities)
(1) Working capital as of February 1, 2020 was impacted by the adoption of ASC 842 which requires the current portion of operating lease liabilities to be on the face of the Consolidated Balance Sheets. At February 1, 2020, current portion of operating lease liabilities was $142.7 million.
Our business is seasonal, with our investment in inventory and accounts receivable normally reaching peaks in the spring and fall of each year. Historically, cash flow from operations has been generated principally in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year.
Cash flow changes: (Includes discontinued operations in Fiscal 2019)
Fiscal Year Ended
(dollars in millions)
February 1, 2020
February 2, 2019
Net cash provided by operating activities
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
Net cash used in financing activities
Effect of foreign exchange rate fluctuations on cash
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
Reasons for the major variances in cash provided by (used in) the table above are as follows:
Cash provided by operating activities was $119.9 million lower for Fiscal 2020 compared to Fiscal 2019, primarily reflecting the following factors:
A $126.2 million decrease in cash flow from the loss on sale of business in the prior year;
A $53.4 million decrease in cash flow from changes in accounts payable reflecting changes in buying patterns and vendor mix and the impact of an increase in accounts payable in discontinued operations in the prior year;
A $41.5 million decrease in cash flow from changes in other accrued liabilities reflecting increased bonus payments and increased tax payments related to discontinued operations; and
A $27.4 million decrease in cash flow from changes in depreciation and amortization primarily related to discontinued operations; partially offset by
A $113.3 million increase in net earnings; and
A $25.3 million increase in cash flow from changes in prepaids and other current assets reflecting decreases in prepaid income taxes when compared to the prior year.
Cash provided by investing activities was $109.8 million higher for Fiscal 2020 primarily reflecting proceeds from the sale of Lids Sports Group and the sale of the Lids headquarters building and decreased capital expenditures, partially offset by the acquisition of Togast.
Cash used in financing activities was $203.7 million higher in Fiscal 2020 reflecting primarily increased share repurchases compared to Fiscal 2019.
Sources of Liquidity
We have three principal sources of liquidity: cash flow from operations, cash and cash equivalents on hand and our credit facilities discussed in Item 8, Note 7, "Long-Term Debt", to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We believe that cash and cash equivalents on hand, cash flow from operations and availability under our credit facilities will be sufficient to cover our working capital, capital expenditures and stock repurchases, if any, for the foreseeable future.
On March 19, 2020, we borrowed $150.0 million under our Credit Facility and we have subsequently borrowed another $34.3 million. We did this as a precautionary measure to ensure funds are available to meet our obligations for a substantial period of time. This borrowing was in response to the COVID-19 outbreak that caused public health officials to recommend precautions that would mitigate the spread of the virus, including warning against congregating in heavily populated areas such as malls and shopping centers, and led to the temporary closure of our North American stores on March 18, 2020. We intend to hold the proceeds from the Credit Facility borrowings on our Consolidated Balance Sheets and, in accordance with the terms of the Credit Facility, may use the proceeds in the future for working capital, general corporate or other purposes as permitted by the Credit Agreement. In addition, on March 23, 2020, we closed our stores in the United Kingdom and Ireland and on March 26, 2020, we closed our UK e-commerce operations. As of March 24, 2020, we have borrowed
£19.0 million on our U.K. A&R Agreement. See Item 8, Note 18, "Subsequent Events", to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on 10-K for additional information pertaining to the U.K. A&R Agreement.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
The following tables set forth aggregate contractual obligations and commitments as of February 1, 2020.
Payments Due by Period
Less than 1
1 - 3
3 - 5
Long-Term Debt Obligations
Operating Lease Obligations
Other Long-Term Liabilities
Total Contractual Obligations(2)
Amount of Commitment Expiration Per Period
Less than 1
1 - 3
3 - 5
Letters of Credit
Total Commercial Commitments
(1) Represents open purchase orders for inventory.
(2) Excludes unrecognized tax benefits of $0.2 million due to their uncertain nature in timing of payments, if any.
The total accrued benefit liability for other postretirement benefit plans as of February 1, 2020, was $7.0 million. This amount is impacted by, among other items, plan amendments and changes in plan demographics and assumptions. Because the accrued liability does not represent expected liquidity needs, we did not include this amount in the contractual obligations table. See Note 11 to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" for additional information related to other postretirement benefit plans.
Capital expenditures were $29.8 million, $57.2 million and $127.9 million for Fiscal 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The $27.4 million decrease in Fiscal 2020 capital expenditures as compared to Fiscal 2019 is primarily due to decreased new store openings in Fiscal 2020 as well as decreased capital expenditures as a result of discontinued operations. The $70.7 million decrease in Fiscal 2019 capital expenditures as compared to Fiscal 2018 is primarily due to decreases of capital expenditures in Journeys Group and Schuh Group as well as discontinued operations.
As a result of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, we expect total capital expenditures for Fiscal 2021 to be reduced.
Future Capital Needs
As we manage through the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in Fiscal 2021, we have access to our existing cash, as well as our available credit facilities to meet short-term liquidity needs. We believe that cash on hand, cash provided by operations and borrowings under our Credit Facility and the U.K. A&R Agreement will be sufficient to support our near-term liquidity. Extended temporary store and e-commerce closures may require access to additional credit.
We had total available cash and cash equivalents of $81.4 million and $167.4 million as of February 1, 2020 and February 2, 2019, respectively, of which approximately $8.9 million and $20.8 million was held by our foreign subsidiaries as of February 1, 2020 and February 2, 2019, respectively. Our strategic plan does not require the repatriation of foreign cash in order to fund our operations in the U.S., and it is our current intention to indefinitely reinvest our foreign cash and cash equivalents outside of the U.S. If we were to repatriate foreign cash to the U.S., we would be required to accrue and pay U.S. taxes in accordance with applicable U.S. tax rules and regulations as a result of the repatriation. Cash and cash
equivalents included $59.6 million and $127.2 million of cash equivalents at February 1, 2020 and February 2, 2019, respectively. Cash equivalents are primarily institutional money market funds. Our $59.6 million of cash equivalents was invested in institutional money market funds which invest exclusively in highly rated, short-term securities that are issued, guaranteed or collateralized by the U.S. government or by U.S. government agencies and instrumentalities.
Common Stock Repurchases
We repurchased 4,570,015 shares at a cost of $189.4 million during Fiscal 2020 as part of three authorizations totaling $325.0 million approved by the Board of Directors. We have $89.7 million remaining as of February 1, 2020 under our current $100.0 million share repurchase authorization. We repurchased 968,375 shares at a cost of $45.9 million during Fiscal 2019. We repurchased 275,300 shares at a cost of $16.2 million during Fiscal 2018.
Environmental and Other Contingencies
We are subject to certain loss contingencies related to environmental proceedings and other legal matters, including those disclosed in Item 8, Note 14, "Legal Proceedings and Other Matters", to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Financial Market Risk
The following discusses our exposure to financial market risk.
Outstanding Debt – We have $14.4 million of outstanding U.S. revolver borrowings at a weighted average interest rate of 2.13% as of February 1, 2020. A 100 basis point increase in interest rates would increase annual interest expense by $0.1 million on the $14.4 million revolver borrowings. On March 19, 2020, we borrowed $150.0 million under our Credit Facility as a precautionary measure to ensure funds are available to meet our obligations for a substantial period of time in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. Subsequently, we have borrowed an additional $34.3 million under our Credit Facility. In addition, as of March 24, 2020, we have borrowed £19.0 million on our U.K. A&R Agreement.
Cash and Cash Equivalents – Our cash and cash equivalent balances are invested primarily in institutional money market funds. We did not have significant exposure to changing interest rates on invested cash at February 1, 2020. As a result, we consider the interest rate market risk implicit in these investments at February 1, 2020 to be low.
Summary – Based on our overall market interest rate exposure at February 1, 2020, we believe that the effect, if any, of reasonably possible near-term changes in interest rates on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows for Fiscal 2020 would not be material.
Accounts Receivable – Our accounts receivable balance at February 1, 2020 is concentrated in our wholesale businesses, which sell primarily to department stores and independent retailers across the United States. In the wholesale businesses, one customer accounted for 26%, three customers each accounted for 9% and one customer accounted for 6% of our total trade receivables balance, while no other customer accounted for more than 5% of our total trade receivables balance as of February 1, 2020. We monitor the credit quality of our customers and establish an allowance for doubtful accounts based upon factors surrounding credit risk of specific customers, historical trends and other information, as well as customer specific factors; however, credit risk is affected by conditions or occurrences within the economy and the retail industry, as well as company-specific information.
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk – We are exposed to translation risk because certain of our foreign operations utilize the local currency as their functional currency and those financial results must be translated into United States dollars. As currency exchange rates fluctuate, translation of our financial statements of foreign businesses into United States dollars affects the comparability of financial results between years. Schuh Group's net sales and operating income for Fiscal 2020 were negatively impacted by $12.8 million and positively impacted by $0.3 million, respectively, due to the change in foreign exchange rates.
New Accounting Principles
Descriptions of recently issued accounting pronouncements, if any, and the accounting pronouncements adopted by us during Fiscal 2020 are included in Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data".
We do not believe inflation has had a material impact on sales or operating results during periods covered in this discussion.
Critical Accounting Estimates
As a result of the economic and business impact of COVID-19, we may be required to revise certain accounting estimates and judgments such as, but not limited to, those related to the valuation of goodwill, long-lived assets and deferred tax assets, which could have a material adverse affect on our financial position and results of operations.
In our footwear wholesale operations and our Schuh Group segment, cost for inventory that we own is determined using the first-in, first-out ("FIFO") method. Net realizable value is determined using a system of analysis which evaluates inventory at the stock number level based on factors such as inventory turn, average selling price, inventory level, and selling prices reflected in future orders for footwear wholesale. We provide a valuation allowance when the inventory has not been marked down to net realizable value based on current selling prices or when the inventory is not turning and is not expected to turn at satisfactory levels.
In our retail operations, other than the Schuh Group segment, we employ the retail inventory method, applying average cost-to-retail ratios to the retail value of inventories. Under the retail inventory method, valuing inventory at the lower of cost or market is achieved as markdowns are taken or accrued as a reduction of the retail value of inventories.
Inherent in the retail inventory method are subjective judgments and estimates, including merchandise mark-on, markups, markdowns and shrinkage. These judgments and estimates, coupled with the fact that the retail inventory method is an averaging process, could produce a range of cost figures. To reduce the risk of inaccuracy and to ensure consistent presentation, we employ the retail inventory method in multiple subclasses of inventory with similar gross margins, and analyze markdown requirements at the stock number level based on factors such as inventory turn, average selling price and inventory age. In addition, we accrue markdowns as necessary. These additional markdown accruals reflect all of the above factors as well as current agreements to return products to vendors and vendor agreements to provide markdown support. In addition to markdown allowances, we maintain reserves for shrinkage and damaged goods based on historical rates.
Inherent in the analysis of both wholesale and retail inventory valuation are subjective judgments about current market conditions, fashion trends and overall economic conditions. Failure to make appropriate conclusions regarding these factors may result in an overstatement or understatement of inventory value. A change of 10% from the recorded amounts for markdowns, shrinkage and damaged goods would have changed inventory by $0.7 million at February 1, 2020.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
We periodically assess the realizability of our long-lived assets, other than goodwill, and evaluate such assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Asset impairment is determined to exist if estimated future cash flows, undiscounted and without interest charges, are less than the carrying amount. Inherent in the analysis of impairment are subjective judgments about future cash flows. Failure to make appropriate conclusions regarding these judgments may result in an overstatement or understatement of the value of long-lived assets.
We annually assess our goodwill and indefinite lived trade names for impairment and on an interim basis if indicators of impairment are present. Our annual assessment date of goodwill and indefinite lived trade names is the first day of the fourth quarter.
In accordance with ASC 350, we have the option first to assess qualitative factors to determine whether events and circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that goodwill is impaired. If, after such assessment, we conclude that the asset is not impaired, no further action is required. However, if we conclude otherwise, we are required to determine the fair value of the asset using a quantitative impairment test. The quantitative impairment test for goodwill compares the fair value of each reporting unit with the carrying value of the reporting unit with which the goodwill is associated. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than the carrying value of the reporting unit, an impairment charge would be recorded for the amount, if any, in which the carrying value exceeds the reporting unit's fair value. We estimate fair value using the best information available, and compute the fair value derived by a combination of the market and income approach. The market approach is based on observed market data of comparable companies to determine fair value. The income approach utilizes a projection of a reporting unit’s estimated operating results and cash flows that are discounted using a weighted-average cost of capital that reflects current market conditions. A key assumption in our fair value estimate is the weighted average cost of capital utilized for discounting our cash flow projections in our income approach. The projection uses our best estimates of economic and market conditions over the projected period including growth rates in sales, costs, estimates of future expected changes in operating margins and cash expenditures. Other significant estimates and assumptions include terminal value growth rates, future estimates of capital expenditures and changes in future working capital requirements. For additional information regarding impairment of long-lived assets, see Item 8, Note 3, "Goodwill and Other Intangible
Assets" and Note 4,"Asset Impairments and Other Charges" to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
In accordance with ASU 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)" ("ASC 606"), revenue shall be recognized upon satisfaction of all contractual performance obligations and transfer of control to the customer. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for corresponding goods. The majority of our sales are single performance obligation arrangements for retail sale transactions for which the transaction price is equivalent to the stated price of the product, net of any stated discounts applicable at a point in time. Each sales transaction results in an implicit contract with the customer to deliver a product at the point of sale. Revenue from retail sales is recognized at the point of sale, is net of estimated returns, and excludes sales and value added taxes. Revenue from catalog and internet sales is recognized at estimated time of delivery to the customer, is net of estimated returns, and excludes sales and value added taxes. Wholesale revenue is recorded net of estimated returns and allowances for markdowns, damages and miscellaneous claims when the related goods have been shipped and legal title has passed to the customer. Actual amounts of markdowns have not differed materially from estimates. Shipping and handling costs charged to customers are included in net sales. We elected the practical expedient within ASC 606 related to taxes that are assessed by a governmental authority, which allows for the exclusion of sales and value added tax from transaction price.
A provision for estimated returns is provided through a reduction of sales and cost of goods sold in the period that the related sales are recorded. Estimated returns are based on historical returns and claims. Actual returns and claims in any future period may differ from historical experience. Revenue from gift cards is deferred and recognized upon the redemption of the cards. These cards have no expiration date. Income from unredeemed cards is recognized in our Consolidated Statements of Operations within net sales in proportion to the pattern of rights exercised by the customer in future periods. We perform an evaluation of historical redemption patterns from the date of original issuance to estimate future period redemption activity.
As part of the process of preparing our Consolidated Financial Statements, we are required to estimate our income taxes in each of the tax jurisdictions in which we operate. This process involves estimating actual current tax obligations together with assessing temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of certain items for tax and accounting purposes, such as depreciation of property and equipment and valuation of inventories. These temporary differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included within our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We then assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income. Actual results could differ from this assessment if adequate taxable income is not generated in future periods. To the extent we believe that recovery of an asset is at risk, valuation allowances are established. To the extent valuation allowances are established or increased in a period, we include an expense within the tax provision in our Consolidated Statements of Operations. These deferred tax valuation allowances may be released in future years when we consider that it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized. In making such a determination, we will need to periodically evaluate whether or not all available evidence, such as future taxable income and reversal of temporary differences, tax planning strategies, and recent results of operations, provides sufficient positive evidence to offset any other potential negative evidence that may exist at such time. In the event the deferred tax valuation allowance is released, we would record an income tax benefit for a portion or all of the deferred tax valuation allowance released. At February 1, 2020, we had a deferred tax valuation allowance of $23.3 million.
Income tax reserves for uncertain tax positions are determined using the methodology required by the Income Tax Topic of the Accounting Standards Codification (“Codification”). This methodology requires companies to assess each income tax position taken using a two step process. A determination is first made as to whether it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained, based upon the technical merits, upon examination by the taxing authorities. If the tax position is expected to meet the more likely than not criteria, the benefit recorded for the tax position equals the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement of the respective tax position. Uncertain tax positions require determinations and estimated liabilities to be made based on provisions of the tax law which may be subject to change or varying interpretation. If our determinations and estimates prove to be inaccurate, the resulting adjustments could be material to our future financial results. See Item 8, Note 10, "Income Taxes", to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information related to income taxes.
We recognize lease assets and corresponding lease liabilities for all operating leases on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as described under ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842).” We evaluate renewal options and break options at lease inception and on an ongoing basis, and include renewal options and break options that we are reasonably certain to exercise in our expected lease terms for calculations of the right-of-use assets and liabilities. Approximately 2% of our leases contain renewal options. To determine the present value of lease payments not yet paid, we estimate incremental borrowing rates corresponding to the reasonably certain lease term. As most of our leases do not provide a determinable implicit rate, we estimate our collateralized incremental borrowing rate based upon a synthetic credit rating and yield curve analysis at the lease commencement or modification date in determining the present value of lease payments. For lease payments in foreign currencies, the incremental borrowing rate is adjusted to be reflective of the risk associated with the respective currency. See Item 8, Note 8, "Leases", to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information related to leases.
ITEM 7A, QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
We incorporate by reference the information regarding market risk appearing under the heading “Financial Market Risk” in Item 7, "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations."
ITEM 8, FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Genesco Inc.
Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited Genesco Inc. and Subsidiaries' internal control over financial reporting as of February 1, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 Framework) (the COSO criteria). In our opinion, Genesco Inc. and Subsidiaries (the Company) maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of February 1, 2020, based on the COSO criteria.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of Genesco Inc. and Subsidiaries as of February 1, 2020 and February 2, 2019, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, cash flows, and equity for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended February 1, 2020, and the related notes and financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15, and our report dated April 1, 2020 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
Basis for Opinion
The Company's management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
April 1, 2020
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Genesco Inc.
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Genesco Inc. (the Company) as of February 1, 2020 and February 2, 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, cash flows and equity for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended February 1, 2020, and the related notes and financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15 (collectively referred to as the "consolidated financial statements"). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at February 1, 2020 and February 2, 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended February 1, 2020, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of February 1, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) and our report dated April 1, 2020 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
As discussed in Notes 1, 2 and 8 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed its method of accounting for leases in fiscal 2020 due to the adoption of Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”. See below for discussion of our related critical audit matter.
Basis for Opinion
These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures include examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.
Valuation of Schuh Goodwill
Description of the Matter
At February 1, 2020, the Company had $84.1 million in goodwill associated with the Schuh reporting unit. As discussed in Notes 1 and 3 to the consolidated financial statements, goodwill at the reporting unit level is qualitatively or quantitatively tested for impairment at least annually, at the beginning of the Company’s fourth fiscal quarter, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. The quantitative evaluation of goodwill impairment involves the comparison of the fair value of the reporting unit to the carrying value of the reporting unit.
Auditing management’s annual goodwill impairment analysis was complex and judgmental due to the significant estimation required by management in determining the fair value of the Schuh reporting unit. In particular, the fair value estimates under the income approach are sensitive to significant assumptions required to develop prospective financial information related to growth rates in sales, costs, estimates of future expected changes in operating margins, capital expenditures and working capital requirements. Other significant assumptions relate to estimating the weighted average cost of capital utilized for discounting cash flow estimates and terminal period growth rates. These significant assumptions are affected by expectations about future market or economic conditions. Management also uses a market approach that considers valuations of comparable companies as an input in the determination of the value of the reporting unit.
How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit
We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Company’s Schuh goodwill impairment review process, including controls over management’s review of the significant assumptions described above. For example, we tested controls over management’s identification of the Schuh reporting unit and management’s review of the significant assumptions utilized within the fair value model, including the development of the prospective financial information and determination of the weighted average cost of capital and terminal period growth rates.
To test the estimated fair value of the Schuh reporting unit, we performed audit procedures that included, among others, involvement of our valuation specialists to assess fair value methodologies, including the significant assumptions discussed above. Specifically, we compared significant assumptions used by management to current industry economic trends. As part of this assessment, we also compared the development of the weighted average cost of capital to rates for hypothetical market participants based on the capital structure of the Company and its related peer group. We assessed the historical accuracy of management’s estimates and performed sensitivity analyses of significant assumptions to evaluate the changes in the fair value of the reporting unit that would result from changes in the significant assumptions. We also evaluated the reasonableness of the market comparable companies that management used in its market approach.
Adoption ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”
Description of the Matter
As discussed above and in Notes 1, 2 and 8 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”, on February 3, 2019, which resulted in the recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities of $795.6 million and $855.3 million, respectively. Since most of the Company’s leases do not provide a determinable implicit rate, the Company developed certain significant assumptions to estimate the incremental borrowing rate (IBR), which was used to calculate the operating lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities upon adoption. The operating lease right-of-use asset is inclusive of the impairments recorded upon adoption for store operating lease right-of-use assets, which totaled $4.8 million and resulted in a decrease to retained earnings of $4.2 million, net of tax.
Auditing the Company’s adoption of Topic 842 was complex and involved subjective auditor judgment as certain aspects required management to exercise judgment in applying the new standard to its portfolio of lease contracts. In particular, the estimate of the IBR at adoption is sensitive to significant assumptions such as determination of synthetic credit rating, selection of associated benchmark yield curve, and judgmental adjustments to reflect a collateralization and foreign currency adjustments. Further, the fair value of those right-of-use assets that were part of an asset group with an indicator of impairment involved judgment in order to determine the impairment to record upon adoption.
How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit
We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design, and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Company’s accounting for the adoption of Topic 842. For example, we tested controls over management’s review of the IBR and determination of the fair value of right-of-use assets, including the significant assumptions noted above.
To test the Company’s adoption of Topic 842, we performed audit procedures that included, among others, involving our valuation specialists to assess management’s significant assumptions and methodology for determining the IBR, including the development of a synthetic credit rating, assessing the selection of a benchmark yield curve, and evaluating methodologies used to reflect a secured borrowing. We also assessed management’s development of IBR ranges based on varying lease terms, including comparing the Company’s IBRs to ranges developed independently by our valuation specialists, as well as performing tests of the IBR application to remaining lease payments, with respect to the initial term of the lease. Further, we involved valuation specialists to assess management’s significant assumptions and methodology for determining the fair value of certain right-of-use assets with indicators of impairment, including, among others, the determination of current market rents based on recent observable data.
/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
We have served as the Company's auditor since 2001.
April 1, 2020
Consolidated Balance Sheets
In Thousands, except share amounts
As of Fiscal Year End
February 1, 2020
February 2, 2019
Cash and cash equivalents
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $2,940 at February 1, 2020
and $2,894 at February 2, 2019
Prepaids and other current assets
Total current assets
Property and equipment:
Buildings and building equipment
Computer hardware, software and equipment
Furniture and fixtures
Construction in progress
Improvements to leased property
Property and equipment, at cost
Property and equipment, net
Deferred income taxes
Operating lease right of use asset
Trademarks, net of accumulated amortization of zero at both
February 1, 2020 and February 2, 2019
Other intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $1,988 at
February 1, 2020 and $4,680 at February 2, 2019
Other noncurrent assets
Consolidated Balance Sheets
In Thousands, except share amounts
As of Fiscal Year End
Liabilities and Equity
February 1, 2020
February 2, 2019
Accrued employee compensation
Accrued other taxes
Accrued income taxes
Current portion – long-term debt
Current portion - operating lease liability
Other accrued liabilities
Provision for discontinued operations
Total current liabilities
Long-term operating lease liability
Other long-term liabilities
Provision for discontinued operations
Commitments and contingent liabilities
Non-redeemable preferred stock
Common stock, $1 par value:
Authorized: 80,000,000 shares
February 1, 2020 – 15,185,670/14,697,206
February 2, 2019 – 19,591,048/19,102,584
Additional paid-in capital
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
Treasury shares, at cost (488,464 shares)
Total Liabilities and Equity
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
In Thousands, except per share amounts
Cost of sales
Selling and administrative expenses
Asset impairments and other, net
Loss on early retirement of debt
Other components of net periodic benefit cost
Interest expense, net:
Total interest expense, net
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
Income tax expense
Earnings from continuing operations
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax of $0.1 million,
$27.5 million and $22.7 million for Fiscal 2020, 2019 and 2018,
Net Earnings (Loss)